Phenobarbital induction of rat liver cytochromes P-450b and P-450e. Quantitation of specific RNAs by hybridization to synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes

C. J. Omiecinski, F. G. Walz, G. Vlasuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytochromes P-450b and P-450e are extremely homologous and immunochemically indistinguishable proteins that are coordinately induced by phenobarbital in rat liver. To assess the effect of phenobarbital on mRNA levels for each of these hemoproteins we performed solution hybridization and Northern blot experiments with synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide probes of defined sequence. Our data demonstrate that phenobarbital administration to rats resulted in marked increases in levels of hepatic mRNA for both cytochrome P-450b and cytochrome P-450e, with a 4- to 5-fold greater accumulation of P-450b mRNA vis a vis P-450e mRNA. The level of hepatic mRNA increased from less than 3 molecules/cell of each mRNA in untreated rats, to 630 and 130 molecules/cell for P-450b and P-450e, respectively, in phenobarbital-treated rats. Data obtained in Northern blot hybridization experiments demonstrated that the size of the mRNAs for each protein were identical, being approximately 1800 bases in length.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3247-3250
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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