Yeast Ssd1 is an RNA-binding protein that shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Ssd1 interacts with its target mRNAs initially during transcription by binding through its N-terminal prion-like domain (PLD) to the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II. Ssd1 subsequently targets mRNAs acquired in the nucleus either to daughter cells for translation or to stress granules (SGs) and P-bodies (PBs) for mRNA storage or decay. Here we show that PB components assist in the nuclear export of Ssd1 and subsequent targeting of Ssd1 to PB sites in the cytoplasm. In the absence of import into the nucleus, Ssd1 fails to associate with PBs in the cytoplasm but rather is targeted to cytosolic insoluble protein deposits (IPODs). The association of Ssd1 either with IPOD sites or with PB/SG requires the PLD, whose activity is differentially regulated by the Ndr/LATS family kinase, Cbk1: phosphorylation suppresses PB/SG association but enhances IPOD formation. This regulation likely accrues from a phosphorylation-sensitive nuclear localization sequence located in the PLD. The results presented here may inform our understanding of aggregate formation by RBP in certain neurological diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology