The results of experimental studies of photoluminescence and photoconductivity in cis- and trans-(CH)x are presented. For cis-(CH)x, we find recombination luminescence in the scattered light spectrum at 1.9 eV, near the interband absorption edge. The luminescence turns on sharply for excitation energies greater than 2.05 eV, implying a Stokes shift of 0.15 eV. Studies of the temperature dependence (T>~7 K) show no loss of luminescence intensity even at temperatures as high as 300 K. Isomerization of the same sample quenches the luminescence; we find no indication of luminescence near the interband absorption edge of trans-(CH)x even at temperatures as low as 7 K. These results are discussed in the context of parallel phototransport studies. The quenching of the luminenscence upon cis-trans isomerization is concurrent with the appearance of a large photoconductive response. The photoconductivity in trans-(CH)x has a threshold at 1.0 eV, well below the interband absorption edge at 1.5 eV, implying the presence of states deep inside the gap. The observation of luminescence in cis-(CH)x, but not in trans-(CH)x, and the observation of photoconductivity in trans-(CH)x, but not in cis-(CH)x provide confirmation of the proposal that solitons are the photogenerated carriers. In trans-(CH)x, the degenerate ground state leads to free soliton excitations, absence of band-edge luminescence, and photoconductivity. In cis-(CH)x the nondegenerate ground state leads to confinement of the photogenerated carriers, absence of photoconductivity, and to the observed recombination luminescence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics