Photosynthetic characteristics of four wild dendrobium species in China

Gang Yi Wu, Jun Ai Hui, Zai Hua Wang, Jie Li, Qing Sheng Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Photosynthetic physiology of Dendrobium nobile, Dendrobium pendulum, Dendrobium chrysotoxum, and Dendrobium densiflorum was studied. A bimodal diurnal variation of the net photosynthetic rate (Pn) was observed in the four Dendrobium species with the first peak [5.09 to 6.06 μmol (CO2) per m-2·s-1] ≈1100 hr and the second peak [3.83 to 4.58 μmol (CO2) per m-2·s-1] at 1500 HR. No CO2 fixation was observed at night. For all four Dendrobium species, the light compensation point (LCP) was 5 to 10 μmol·;m-2·s-1, light saturation point (LSP) ranged from 800 to 1000 μmol·m-2·s-1, apparent quantum yield (AQY) was 0.02, and CO2 compensation points (CCP) and saturation point (CSP) were 60 to 85 μmol·mol-1 and 800 to 1000 μmol·mol-1, respectively. Carboxylation efficiency (CE) values ranged from 0.011 to 0.020. The optimum temperature for photosynthesis was between 26 and 30 °C. The measurement of Pn seasonal variation indicated that July to August had the higher Pn for Dendrobium species. Additionally, the chlorophyll a/b (Chl a/b) ratios of the leaves were 2.77 to 2.89. Measurement of key enzymes in the photosynthetic pathway indicated relatively high Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBPCase) and glycolate oxidase (GO) activities but very low phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase) activities. It suggested that these four Dendrobium species are typical semishade C3 plants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1027
Number of pages5
JournalHortScience
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

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    Wu, G. Y., Hui, J. A., Wang, Z. H., Li, J., & Ye, Q. S. (2014). Photosynthetic characteristics of four wild dendrobium species in China. HortScience, 49(8), 1023-1027. https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.49.8.1023