Abstract

Introduction Nearly one fifth of American adults suffer from mental health issues, yet many treatments have side effects and stigma attached. Physical activity can be an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but most promotion efforts fail. One understudied aspect of physical activity is the specific mode, including if it engages others, and how this may relate to mental health. This study examined the potential relationship between different modes of physical activity and the frequency of mental distress. Methods Data from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed in 2015 to determine the relationship between participation in different modes of physical activity and frequent mental distress. Results Data were obtained on physical activity and frequent mental distress from 183,341 adults (aged 18–99 years, 51.9% female, 57.4% overweight/obese, 9.5% frequent mental distress). Prevalence of mental distress for those reporting activities was contrasted against walking alone. People who participated in tennis had 46% lower odds (95% CI=0.35, 0.84) of frequent mental distress. Approaching significance, non-team play sports were associated with 18% lower odds (95% CI=0.66, 1.01) of frequent mental distress, compared with walking alone. Conclusions Activity modes are associated with mental health outcomes above and beyond the frequency and duration of activity. Given the social and play nature of the activities, this may reflect the relational aspect, enjoyment, or a combination of both. These results suggest that adding social or affective components to physical activity may enhance engagement and retention in activity promotion efforts and their benefits on mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Mental Health
Exercise
Walking
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Tennis
Mental Disorders
Sports
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Sciamanna, Christopher ; Smyth, Joshua Morrison ; Doerksen, Shawna E. ; Richard, Barrett R. ; Kraschnewski, Jennifer ; Mowen, Andrew Justin ; Hickerson, Benjamin D. ; Rovniak, Liza ; Lehman, Erik B. ; Yang, Chengwu. / Physical Activity Mode and Mental Distress in Adulthood. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 85-93.
@article{b88436038e1d4210990c3fd32a7179df,
title = "Physical Activity Mode and Mental Distress in Adulthood",
abstract = "Introduction Nearly one fifth of American adults suffer from mental health issues, yet many treatments have side effects and stigma attached. Physical activity can be an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but most promotion efforts fail. One understudied aspect of physical activity is the specific mode, including if it engages others, and how this may relate to mental health. This study examined the potential relationship between different modes of physical activity and the frequency of mental distress. Methods Data from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed in 2015 to determine the relationship between participation in different modes of physical activity and frequent mental distress. Results Data were obtained on physical activity and frequent mental distress from 183,341 adults (aged 18–99 years, 51.9{\%} female, 57.4{\%} overweight/obese, 9.5{\%} frequent mental distress). Prevalence of mental distress for those reporting activities was contrasted against walking alone. People who participated in tennis had 46{\%} lower odds (95{\%} CI=0.35, 0.84) of frequent mental distress. Approaching significance, non-team play sports were associated with 18{\%} lower odds (95{\%} CI=0.66, 1.01) of frequent mental distress, compared with walking alone. Conclusions Activity modes are associated with mental health outcomes above and beyond the frequency and duration of activity. Given the social and play nature of the activities, this may reflect the relational aspect, enjoyment, or a combination of both. These results suggest that adding social or affective components to physical activity may enhance engagement and retention in activity promotion efforts and their benefits on mental health.",
author = "Christopher Sciamanna and Smyth, {Joshua Morrison} and Doerksen, {Shawna E.} and Richard, {Barrett R.} and Jennifer Kraschnewski and Mowen, {Andrew Justin} and Hickerson, {Benjamin D.} and Liza Rovniak and Lehman, {Erik B.} and Chengwu Yang",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "85--93",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Physical Activity Mode and Mental Distress in Adulthood. / Sciamanna, Christopher; Smyth, Joshua Morrison; Doerksen, Shawna E.; Richard, Barrett R.; Kraschnewski, Jennifer; Mowen, Andrew Justin; Hickerson, Benjamin D.; Rovniak, Liza; Lehman, Erik B.; Yang, Chengwu.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 52, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 85-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Activity Mode and Mental Distress in Adulthood

AU - Sciamanna, Christopher

AU - Smyth, Joshua Morrison

AU - Doerksen, Shawna E.

AU - Richard, Barrett R.

AU - Kraschnewski, Jennifer

AU - Mowen, Andrew Justin

AU - Hickerson, Benjamin D.

AU - Rovniak, Liza

AU - Lehman, Erik B.

AU - Yang, Chengwu

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Introduction Nearly one fifth of American adults suffer from mental health issues, yet many treatments have side effects and stigma attached. Physical activity can be an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but most promotion efforts fail. One understudied aspect of physical activity is the specific mode, including if it engages others, and how this may relate to mental health. This study examined the potential relationship between different modes of physical activity and the frequency of mental distress. Methods Data from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed in 2015 to determine the relationship between participation in different modes of physical activity and frequent mental distress. Results Data were obtained on physical activity and frequent mental distress from 183,341 adults (aged 18–99 years, 51.9% female, 57.4% overweight/obese, 9.5% frequent mental distress). Prevalence of mental distress for those reporting activities was contrasted against walking alone. People who participated in tennis had 46% lower odds (95% CI=0.35, 0.84) of frequent mental distress. Approaching significance, non-team play sports were associated with 18% lower odds (95% CI=0.66, 1.01) of frequent mental distress, compared with walking alone. Conclusions Activity modes are associated with mental health outcomes above and beyond the frequency and duration of activity. Given the social and play nature of the activities, this may reflect the relational aspect, enjoyment, or a combination of both. These results suggest that adding social or affective components to physical activity may enhance engagement and retention in activity promotion efforts and their benefits on mental health.

AB - Introduction Nearly one fifth of American adults suffer from mental health issues, yet many treatments have side effects and stigma attached. Physical activity can be an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but most promotion efforts fail. One understudied aspect of physical activity is the specific mode, including if it engages others, and how this may relate to mental health. This study examined the potential relationship between different modes of physical activity and the frequency of mental distress. Methods Data from the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analyzed in 2015 to determine the relationship between participation in different modes of physical activity and frequent mental distress. Results Data were obtained on physical activity and frequent mental distress from 183,341 adults (aged 18–99 years, 51.9% female, 57.4% overweight/obese, 9.5% frequent mental distress). Prevalence of mental distress for those reporting activities was contrasted against walking alone. People who participated in tennis had 46% lower odds (95% CI=0.35, 0.84) of frequent mental distress. Approaching significance, non-team play sports were associated with 18% lower odds (95% CI=0.66, 1.01) of frequent mental distress, compared with walking alone. Conclusions Activity modes are associated with mental health outcomes above and beyond the frequency and duration of activity. Given the social and play nature of the activities, this may reflect the relational aspect, enjoyment, or a combination of both. These results suggest that adding social or affective components to physical activity may enhance engagement and retention in activity promotion efforts and their benefits on mental health.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008213618&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008213618&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.014

DO - 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 27838116

AN - SCOPUS:85008213618

VL - 52

SP - 85

EP - 93

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 1

ER -