Physicochemical characterization of composts for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus

André Ricardo Zanon, João Paulo Furlan De Jesus, Fabrício Rocha Vieira, Olívia Gomes Martins, Meire Cristina Nogueira De Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pleurotus ostreatus var. Florida is one of the main varieties of mushroom that is expanding in the Brazilian market. In Brazil, the most widely used method to obtain the cultivation substrate is the short composting with subsequent steam pasteurization and conditioning. Nevertheless, there is not a standard procedure related to the preparation of substrate adopted by Brazilian mushroom producers, therefore it becomes relevant to find out through research a more efficient method in which producers may back themselves up. Thus, tests were carried out in three different composting periods (T1= 6 days, T2= 4 days and T3=2 days) corresponding to three treatments. The experiment occurred between August and October 2013 by relating the physical and chemical characteristics of the composts with the mushroom production parameters. Treatments T1 and T2 presented the best results regarding biological efficiency (T1=108.91% and T2=102.49%, respectively) and productivity (T1=26.22% and T2=25.72 %), as well as a higher number of harvested mushrooms (T1=44.44 and T2=43.52). These treatments presented the best results mainly due to a lower C/N ratio (T1=47 and T2=46) and a higher amount of crude protein (6.61% and 6.52%) available for the compost at the end of Phase II. These two periods of composting also influenced the mushroom cellulose and hemicellulose consumption by the fungus. Therefore, composting influences the production of P. ostreatus var. Florida.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1167-1181
Number of pages15
JournalRevista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Pleurotus
Pleurotus ostreatus
Agaricales
mushroom
composting
mushrooms
compost
composts
Soil
steam pasteurization
mushroom growing
Pasteurization
hemicellulose
carbon nitrogen ratio
Steam
cellulose
crude protein
Cellulose
conditioning
Brazil

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Zanon, André Ricardo ; De Jesus, João Paulo Furlan ; Vieira, Fabrício Rocha ; Martins, Olívia Gomes ; De Andrade, Meire Cristina Nogueira. / Physicochemical characterization of composts for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus. In: Revista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 1167-1181.
@article{de5292cc42a047f3a0ad5f6304393adf,
title = "Physicochemical characterization of composts for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus",
abstract = "Pleurotus ostreatus var. Florida is one of the main varieties of mushroom that is expanding in the Brazilian market. In Brazil, the most widely used method to obtain the cultivation substrate is the short composting with subsequent steam pasteurization and conditioning. Nevertheless, there is not a standard procedure related to the preparation of substrate adopted by Brazilian mushroom producers, therefore it becomes relevant to find out through research a more efficient method in which producers may back themselves up. Thus, tests were carried out in three different composting periods (T1= 6 days, T2= 4 days and T3=2 days) corresponding to three treatments. The experiment occurred between August and October 2013 by relating the physical and chemical characteristics of the composts with the mushroom production parameters. Treatments T1 and T2 presented the best results regarding biological efficiency (T1=108.91{\%} and T2=102.49{\%}, respectively) and productivity (T1=26.22{\%} and T2=25.72 {\%}), as well as a higher number of harvested mushrooms (T1=44.44 and T2=43.52). These treatments presented the best results mainly due to a lower C/N ratio (T1=47 and T2=46) and a higher amount of crude protein (6.61{\%} and 6.52{\%}) available for the compost at the end of Phase II. These two periods of composting also influenced the mushroom cellulose and hemicellulose consumption by the fungus. Therefore, composting influences the production of P. ostreatus var. Florida.",
author = "Zanon, {Andr{\'e} Ricardo} and {De Jesus}, {Jo{\~a}o Paulo Furlan} and Vieira, {Fabr{\'i}cio Rocha} and Martins, {Ol{\'i}via Gomes} and {De Andrade}, {Meire Cristina Nogueira}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17765/2176-9168.2019v12n3p1167-1181",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "1167--1181",
journal = "Revista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente",
issn = "1981-9951",
publisher = "University Centre of Maringa - CESUMAR",
number = "3",

}

Physicochemical characterization of composts for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus. / Zanon, André Ricardo; De Jesus, João Paulo Furlan; Vieira, Fabrício Rocha; Martins, Olívia Gomes; De Andrade, Meire Cristina Nogueira.

In: Revista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 1167-1181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physicochemical characterization of composts for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus

AU - Zanon, André Ricardo

AU - De Jesus, João Paulo Furlan

AU - Vieira, Fabrício Rocha

AU - Martins, Olívia Gomes

AU - De Andrade, Meire Cristina Nogueira

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Pleurotus ostreatus var. Florida is one of the main varieties of mushroom that is expanding in the Brazilian market. In Brazil, the most widely used method to obtain the cultivation substrate is the short composting with subsequent steam pasteurization and conditioning. Nevertheless, there is not a standard procedure related to the preparation of substrate adopted by Brazilian mushroom producers, therefore it becomes relevant to find out through research a more efficient method in which producers may back themselves up. Thus, tests were carried out in three different composting periods (T1= 6 days, T2= 4 days and T3=2 days) corresponding to three treatments. The experiment occurred between August and October 2013 by relating the physical and chemical characteristics of the composts with the mushroom production parameters. Treatments T1 and T2 presented the best results regarding biological efficiency (T1=108.91% and T2=102.49%, respectively) and productivity (T1=26.22% and T2=25.72 %), as well as a higher number of harvested mushrooms (T1=44.44 and T2=43.52). These treatments presented the best results mainly due to a lower C/N ratio (T1=47 and T2=46) and a higher amount of crude protein (6.61% and 6.52%) available for the compost at the end of Phase II. These two periods of composting also influenced the mushroom cellulose and hemicellulose consumption by the fungus. Therefore, composting influences the production of P. ostreatus var. Florida.

AB - Pleurotus ostreatus var. Florida is one of the main varieties of mushroom that is expanding in the Brazilian market. In Brazil, the most widely used method to obtain the cultivation substrate is the short composting with subsequent steam pasteurization and conditioning. Nevertheless, there is not a standard procedure related to the preparation of substrate adopted by Brazilian mushroom producers, therefore it becomes relevant to find out through research a more efficient method in which producers may back themselves up. Thus, tests were carried out in three different composting periods (T1= 6 days, T2= 4 days and T3=2 days) corresponding to three treatments. The experiment occurred between August and October 2013 by relating the physical and chemical characteristics of the composts with the mushroom production parameters. Treatments T1 and T2 presented the best results regarding biological efficiency (T1=108.91% and T2=102.49%, respectively) and productivity (T1=26.22% and T2=25.72 %), as well as a higher number of harvested mushrooms (T1=44.44 and T2=43.52). These treatments presented the best results mainly due to a lower C/N ratio (T1=47 and T2=46) and a higher amount of crude protein (6.61% and 6.52%) available for the compost at the end of Phase II. These two periods of composting also influenced the mushroom cellulose and hemicellulose consumption by the fungus. Therefore, composting influences the production of P. ostreatus var. Florida.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075287073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075287073&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17765/2176-9168.2019v12n3p1167-1181

DO - 10.17765/2176-9168.2019v12n3p1167-1181

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075287073

VL - 12

SP - 1167

EP - 1181

JO - Revista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente

JF - Revista em Agronegocio e Meio Ambiente

SN - 1981-9951

IS - 3

ER -