Physics-driven spatiotemporal regularization for high-dimensional predictive modeling: A novel approach to solve the inverse ECG problem

Bing Yao, Hui Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel physics-driven spatiotemporal regularization (STRE) method for high-dimensional predictive modeling in complex healthcare systems. This model not only captures the physics-based interrelationship between time-varying explanatory and response variables that are distributed in the space, but also addresses the spatial and temporal regularizations to improve the prediction performance. The STRE model is implemented to predict the time-varying distribution of electric potentials on the heart surface based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) data from the distributed sensor network placed on the body surface. The model performance is evaluated and validated in both a simulated two-sphere geometry and a realistic torso-heart geometry. Experimental results show that the STRE model significantly outperforms other regularization models that are widely used in current practice such as Tikhonov zero-order, Tikhonov first-order and L1 first-order regularization methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39012
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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