### Abstract

Calculations are presented of the energetics of an impurity (atom or ion) interacting with a fluid. Two possible configurations are considered: a surface state and a solvated state. For two distinct model problems which we consider (any classical fluid and superfluid helium) we find a common behaviour: the value of a dimensionless parameter λ determines the relative stability of the surface and solvated states. For λ greater (less) than 1.9, the sovated (surface) state is favored. A more realistic estimate for a classical fluid is λ ∼ 1. Predictions are made of a universal solvation behaviour derived from the law of corresponding states. Results are presented for the solvated fraction as a function of cluster radius and temperature. Quantum corrections and the kinetics of solvation are discussed briefly.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 1123-1146 |

Number of pages | 24 |

Journal | Journal of Low Temperature Physics |

Volume | 101 |

Issue number | 5-6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 1 1995 |

### Fingerprint

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics

### Cite this

*Journal of Low Temperature Physics*,

*101*(5-6), 1123-1146. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00754527

}

*Journal of Low Temperature Physics*, vol. 101, no. 5-6, pp. 1123-1146. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00754527

**Physics of solvation.** / Ancilotto, Francesco; Lerner, Peter B.; Cole, Milton Walter.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physics of solvation

AU - Ancilotto, Francesco

AU - Lerner, Peter B.

AU - Cole, Milton Walter

PY - 1995/12/1

Y1 - 1995/12/1

N2 - Calculations are presented of the energetics of an impurity (atom or ion) interacting with a fluid. Two possible configurations are considered: a surface state and a solvated state. For two distinct model problems which we consider (any classical fluid and superfluid helium) we find a common behaviour: the value of a dimensionless parameter λ determines the relative stability of the surface and solvated states. For λ greater (less) than 1.9, the sovated (surface) state is favored. A more realistic estimate for a classical fluid is λ ∼ 1. Predictions are made of a universal solvation behaviour derived from the law of corresponding states. Results are presented for the solvated fraction as a function of cluster radius and temperature. Quantum corrections and the kinetics of solvation are discussed briefly.

AB - Calculations are presented of the energetics of an impurity (atom or ion) interacting with a fluid. Two possible configurations are considered: a surface state and a solvated state. For two distinct model problems which we consider (any classical fluid and superfluid helium) we find a common behaviour: the value of a dimensionless parameter λ determines the relative stability of the surface and solvated states. For λ greater (less) than 1.9, the sovated (surface) state is favored. A more realistic estimate for a classical fluid is λ ∼ 1. Predictions are made of a universal solvation behaviour derived from the law of corresponding states. Results are presented for the solvated fraction as a function of cluster radius and temperature. Quantum corrections and the kinetics of solvation are discussed briefly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000653040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000653040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00754527

DO - 10.1007/BF00754527

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 1123

EP - 1146

JO - Journal of Low Temperature Physics

JF - Journal of Low Temperature Physics

SN - 0022-2291

IS - 5-6

ER -