Physics of solvation

Francesco Ancilotto, Peter B. Lerner, Milton Walter Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calculations are presented of the energetics of an impurity (atom or ion) interacting with a fluid. Two possible configurations are considered: a surface state and a solvated state. For two distinct model problems which we consider (any classical fluid and superfluid helium) we find a common behaviour: the value of a dimensionless parameter λ determines the relative stability of the surface and solvated states. For λ greater (less) than 1.9, the sovated (surface) state is favored. A more realistic estimate for a classical fluid is λ ∼ 1. Predictions are made of a universal solvation behaviour derived from the law of corresponding states. Results are presented for the solvated fraction as a function of cluster radius and temperature. Quantum corrections and the kinetics of solvation are discussed briefly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1146
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume101
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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