Physics of solvation

Francesco Ancilotto, Peter B. Lerner, Milton Walter Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calculations are presented of the energetics of an impurity (atom or ion) interacting with a fluid. Two possible configurations are considered: a surface state and a solvated state. For two distinct model problems which we consider (any classical fluid and superfluid helium) we find a common behaviour: the value of a dimensionless parameter λ determines the relative stability of the surface and solvated states. For λ greater (less) than 1.9, the sovated (surface) state is favored. A more realistic estimate for a classical fluid is λ ∼ 1. Predictions are made of a universal solvation behaviour derived from the law of corresponding states. Results are presented for the solvated fraction as a function of cluster radius and temperature. Quantum corrections and the kinetics of solvation are discussed briefly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1146
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume101
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995

Fingerprint

Solvation
solvation
Physics
Surface states
physics
Fluids
fluids
Superfluid helium
helium
Impurities
Ions
impurities
Atoms
Kinetics
radii
kinetics
estimates
configurations
predictions
atoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Ancilotto, F., Lerner, P. B., & Cole, M. W. (1995). Physics of solvation. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 101(5-6), 1123-1146. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00754527
Ancilotto, Francesco ; Lerner, Peter B. ; Cole, Milton Walter. / Physics of solvation. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 1995 ; Vol. 101, No. 5-6. pp. 1123-1146.
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Ancilotto, F, Lerner, PB & Cole, MW 1995, 'Physics of solvation', Journal of Low Temperature Physics, vol. 101, no. 5-6, pp. 1123-1146. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00754527

Physics of solvation. / Ancilotto, Francesco; Lerner, Peter B.; Cole, Milton Walter.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 101, No. 5-6, 01.12.1995, p. 1123-1146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Ancilotto F, Lerner PB, Cole MW. Physics of solvation. Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 1995 Dec 1;101(5-6):1123-1146. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00754527