Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables

Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications

Francesco Di Gioia, Spyridon A. Petropoulos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Phytoestrogens are non-steroidal secondary metabolites with similarities in structure and biological activities with human estrogens divided into various classes of compounds, including lignans, isoflavones, ellagitannins, coumestans and stilbenes. Similarly, phytosteroids are steroidal compounds of plant origin which have estrogenic effects and can act as agonists, antagonists, or have a mixed agonistic/antagonistic activity to animal steroid receptors. On the other hand, saponins are widely distributed plant glucosides divided into triterpenoid and steroidal saponins that contribute to plant defense mechanism against herbivores. They present a great variation from a structural point of view, including compounds from different classes. In this chapter, the main vegetable sources of these compounds will be presented, while details regarding their biosynthesis and plant functions will be also discussed. Moreover, considering the significant bioactive properties that these compounds exhibit, special focus will be given on their health effects, either beneficial or adverse. The practical applications of these compounds in agriculture and phytomedicine will be also demonstrated, as well as the future prospects for related research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
EditorsIsabel C.F.R. Ferreira, Lillian Barros
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages351-421
Number of pages71
ISBN (Print)9780128165676
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research
Volume90
ISSN (Print)1043-4526

Fingerprint

Phytosterols
Phytoestrogens
plant estrogens
Saponins
phytosterols
saponins
Vegetables
vegetables
biosynthesis
Health
bioactive properties
Estrogens
Hydrolyzable Tannins
steroid saponins
Stilbenes
Lignans
estrogenic properties
Herbivory
triterpenoid saponins
Isoflavones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Cite this

Di Gioia, F., & Petropoulos, S. A. (2019). Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables: Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications. In I. C. F. R. Ferreira, & L. Barros (Eds.), Advances in Food and Nutrition Research (pp. 351-421). (Advances in Food and Nutrition Research; Vol. 90). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.afnr.2019.02.004
Di Gioia, Francesco ; Petropoulos, Spyridon A. / Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables : Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. editor / Isabel C.F.R. Ferreira ; Lillian Barros. Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 351-421 (Advances in Food and Nutrition Research).
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Di Gioia, F & Petropoulos, SA 2019, Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables: Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications. in ICFR Ferreira & L Barros (eds), Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, vol. 90, Academic Press Inc., pp. 351-421. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.afnr.2019.02.004

Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables : Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications. / Di Gioia, Francesco; Petropoulos, Spyridon A.

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. ed. / Isabel C.F.R. Ferreira; Lillian Barros. Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 351-421 (Advances in Food and Nutrition Research; Vol. 90).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Di Gioia F, Petropoulos SA. Phytoestrogens, phytosteroids and saponins in vegetables: Biosynthesis, functions, health effects and practical applications. In Ferreira ICFR, Barros L, editors, Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 351-421. (Advances in Food and Nutrition Research). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.afnr.2019.02.004