Picosecond timing of microwave Cherenkov impulses from high-energy particle showers using dielectric-loaded waveguides

P. W. Gorham, J. Bynes, B. Fox, C. Hast, B. Hill, K. Jobe, C. Miki, R. Prechelt, B. Rotter, D. P. Saltzberg, S. A. Wissel, G. S. Varner, S. Zekioglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report on the first measurements of coherent microwave impulses from high-energy particle-induced electromagnetic showers generated via the Askaryan effect in a dielectric-loaded waveguide. Bunches of 12.16 GeV electrons with total bunch energy of ∼103-104 GeV were preshowered in tungsten, and then measured with WR-51 rectangular (12.6 mm by 6.3 mm) waveguide elements loaded with solid alumina (Al2O3) bars. In the 5-8 GHz TE10 single-mode band determined by the presence of the dielectric in the waveguide, we observed band-limited microwave impulses with amplitude proportional to bunch energy. Signals in different waveguide elements measuring the same shower were used to estimate relative time differences with 2.3 ps precision. These measurements establish a basis for using arrays of alumina-loaded waveguide elements, with exceptional radiation hardness, as very high precision timing planes for high-energy physics detectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number072901
JournalPhysical Review Accelerators and Beams
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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