Piezoelectric activity of relaxor- PbTiO3 based single crystals and polycrystalline ceramics at cryogenic temperatures: Intrinsic and extrinsic contributions

Fei Li, Shujun Zhang, Zhuo Xu, Xiaoyong Wei, Jun Luo, Thomas R. Shrout

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The piezoelectric activity in [001] poled Pb (In1/2 Nb 1/2) O3 -Pb (Mg1/3 Nb2/3) O 3 - PbTiO3 crystals was investigated as a function of composition and temperature. The level of intrinsic and/or extrinsic contribution to the total piezoelectric activity was analyzed using Rayleigh method. The results revealed that though 95% of the observed piezoelectric activity in rhombohedral crystals was intrinsic (lattice), the properties decreased significantly with decreasing temperature. At -150 °C, the piezoelectric response decreased by 40%-55% for the compositions close to a morphotropic phase boundary (rhombohedral-monoclinic or monoclinic-tetragonal), while decreasing only 20%-30% for the compositions in the rhombohedral region. The piezoelectric properties of Pb (Mg1/3 Nb2/3) O 3 - PbTiO3 polycrystalline ceramics were found to decrease by 75%, showing both intrinsic and extrinsic contributions play important role in the reduction in piezoelectricity at cryogenic temperatures for ceramics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number192903
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number19
StatePublished - Jun 7 2010


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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