A mechanism is described whereby 180° domain wall motion can contribute to the electrically induced strain in a ferroelectric material at subcoercive ac electric fields. The field-dependent, largely reversible motion of ferroelectric, 180° domain walls due to an applied ac electric field is considered. The Rayleigh law is modified to describe the piezoelectric response of the system. This results in both a linear dependence of the piezoelectric coefficient on the amplitude of the applied electric field and the creation of a second order harmonic of strain which adds to the electrostrictive response. The model was experimentally confirmed in Pb (Zr1-x Tix) O3 thin films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)