PINGU

A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole

M. G. Aartsen, K. Abraham, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, Tyler Brooks Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, M. Archinger, C. Arguelles, T. C. Arlen, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, X. Bai, I. Bartos, S. W. Barwick & 313 others V. Baum, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, S. Benzvi, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, M. Börner, F. Bos, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, J. Braun, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, A. Burgman, T. Carver, M. Casier, E. Cheung, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, K. Clark, L. Classen, S. Coenders, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, Douglas Cowen, R. Cross, M. Day, J. P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, E. Pino Del Rosendo, H. Dembinski, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, G. De Wasseige, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, V. Di Lorenzo, H. Dujmovic, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, B. Eberhardt, T. Ehrhardt, B. Eichmann, P. Eller, S. Euler, J. J. Evans, P. A. Evenson, S. Fahey, A. R. Fazely, J. Feintzeig, J. Felde, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, S. Flis, C. C. Fösig, A. Franckowiak, E. Friedman, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, K. Ghorbani, W. Giang, L. Gladstone, M. Glagla, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G. Golup, J. G. Gonzalez, D. Grant, Z. Griffith, C. Haack, A. Haj Ismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, E. Hansen, B. Hansmann, T. Hansmann, K. Hanson, J. Haugen, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, K. Holzapfel, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, K. Hultqvist, S. In, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, K. Jero, B. J.P. Jones, M. Jurkovic, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, G. Karagiorgi, T. Karg, A. Karle, T. Katori, U. Katz, M. Kauer, A. Keivani, J. L. Kelley, J. Kemp, A. Kheirandish, M. Kim, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, T. Kittler, S. R. Klein, G. Kohnen, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, R. Konietz, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, C. B. Krauss, K. Krings, M. Kroll, G. Krückl, C. Krüger, J. Kunnen, S. Kunwar, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, D. Lennarz, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leuner, J. Losecco, L. Lu, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, K. B.M. Mahn, S. Mancina, S. Mandalia, M. Mandelartz, S. Marka, Z. Marka, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, R. Maunu, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Medici, M. Meier, A. Meli, T. Menne, G. Merino, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. W. Moore, M. Moulai, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, G. Neer, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke Pollmann, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, A. Palazzo, T. Palczewski, H. Pandya, D. V. Pankova, Penek, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, T. C. Petersen, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, J. L. Pinfold, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, M. Quinnan, C. Raab, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, R. Reimann, B. Relethford, M. Relich, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, B. Riedel, S. Robertson, M. Rongen, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk, L. Sabbatini, S. E. Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, P. Sandstrom, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, M. Schimp, P. Schlunder, T. Schmidt, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, L. Schumacher, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, M. H. Shaevitz, D. Soldin, S. Söldner-Rembold, M. Song, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stahlberg, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, R. Ström, N. L. Strotjohann, G. W. Sullivan, M. Sutherland, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Taketa, H. K.M. Tanaka, J. Tatar, F. Tenholt, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, M. N. Tobin, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, A. Turcati, E. Unger, M. Usner, J. Vandenbroucke, N. Van Eijndhoven, S. Vanheule, M. Van Rossem, J. Van Santen, J. Veenkamp, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, A. Wallace, M. Wallraff, N. Wandkowsky, Ch Weaver, M. J. Weiss, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, B. J. Whelan, S. Wickmann, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, L. Wille, D. R. Williams, L. Wills, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, E. Woolsey, K. Woschnagg, S. Wren, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, Y. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed lowenergy in-fill extension to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. With detection technology modeled closely on the successful IceCube example, PINGU will provide a 6 Mton effective mass for neutrino detection with an energy threshold of a few GeV. With an unprecedented sample of over 60 000 atmospheric neutrinos per year in this energy range, PINGU will make highly competitive measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters in an energy range over an order of magnitude higher than long-baseline neutrino beam experiments. PINGU will measure the mixing parameters Θ23 and Δm2 32, including the octant of Θ23 for a wide range of values, and determine the neutrino mass ordering at 3σ median significance within five years of operation. PINGU's high precision measurement of the rate of nt appearance will provide essential tests of the unitarity of the 3 ×3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. PINGU will also improve the sensitivity of searches for low mass dark matter in the Sun, use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core, and improve IceCube's sensitivity to neutrinos from Galactic supernovae. Reoptimization of the PINGU design has permitted substantial reduction in both cost and logistical requirements while delivering performance nearly identical to configurations previously studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054006
JournalJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2017

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poles
neutrinos
physics
Earth core
neutrino beams
sensitivity
supernovae
energy
dark matter
observatories
sun
tomography
costs
requirements
oscillations
thresholds
probes
matrices
configurations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Aartsen, M. G., Abraham, K., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., ... Zoll, M. (2017). PINGU: A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 44(5), [054006]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6471/44/5/054006
Aartsen, M. G. ; Abraham, K. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Anderson, Tyler Brooks ; Ansseau, I. ; Anton, G. ; Archinger, M. ; Arguelles, C. ; Arlen, T. C. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Axani, S. ; Bai, X. ; Bartos, I. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blot, S. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Börner, M. ; Bos, F. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Braun, J. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Burgman, A. ; Carver, T. ; Casier, M. ; Cheung, E. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Coenders, S. ; Collin, G. H. ; Conrad, J. M. ; Cowen, Douglas ; Cross, R. ; Day, M. ; De André, J. P.A.M. ; De Clercq, C. ; Del Rosendo, E. Pino ; Dembinski, H. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De Wasseige, G. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Di Lorenzo, V. ; Dujmovic, H. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Ehrhardt, T. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eller, P. ; Euler, S. ; Evans, J. J. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fahey, S. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Felde, J. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Flis, S. ; Fösig, C. C. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Friedman, E. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Ghorbani, K. ; Giang, W. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glagla, M. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Golup, G. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Grant, D. ; Griffith, Z. ; Haack, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hansen, E. ; Hansmann, B. ; Hansmann, T. ; Hanson, K. ; Haugen, J. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hignight, J. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Holzapfel, K. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huber, M. ; Hultqvist, K. ; In, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jeong, M. ; Jero, K. ; Jones, B. J.P. ; Jurkovic, M. ; Kalekin, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Karagiorgi, G. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Katori, T. ; Katz, U. ; Kauer, M. ; Keivani, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kemp, J. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kim, M. ; Kintscher, T. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kittler, T. ; Klein, S. R. ; Kohnen, G. ; Koirala, R. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Konietz, R. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krauss, C. B. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, M. ; Krückl, G. ; Krüger, C. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kunwar, S. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Lanfranchi, J. L. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauber, F. ; Lennarz, D. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Leuner, J. ; Losecco, J. ; Lu, L. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Mahn, K. B.M. ; Mancina, S. ; Mandalia, S. ; Mandelartz, M. ; Marka, S. ; Marka, Z. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Maunu, R. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Medici, M. ; Meier, M. ; Meli, A. ; Menne, T. ; Merino, G. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moore, R. W. ; Moulai, M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Neer, G. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke Pollmann, A. ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Palazzo, A. ; Palczewski, T. ; Pandya, H. ; Pankova, D. V. ; Penek ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Petersen, T. C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Pinfold, J. L. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Quinnan, M. ; Raab, C. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Reimann, R. ; Relethford, B. ; Relich, M. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Robertson, S. ; Rongen, M. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Rysewyk, D. ; Sabbatini, L. ; Sanchez Herrera, S. E. ; Sandrock, A. ; Sandroos, J. ; Sandstrom, P. ; Sarkar, S. ; Satalecka, K. ; Schimp, M. ; Schlunder, P. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schumacher, L. ; Seckel, D. ; Seunarine, S. ; Shaevitz, M. H. ; Soldin, D. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Song, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stahlberg, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Steuer, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Ström, R. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sutherland, M. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Taketa, A. ; Tanaka, H. K.M. ; Tatar, J. ; Tenholt, F. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tobin, M. N. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Turcati, A. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vanheule, S. ; Van Rossem, M. ; Van Santen, J. ; Veenkamp, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Wallace, A. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wandkowsky, N. ; Weaver, Ch ; Weiss, M. J. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Wickmann, S. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wille, L. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wills, L. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woolsey, E. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Wren, S. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Xu, Y. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zoll, M. / PINGU : A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole. In: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 5.
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abstract = "The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed lowenergy in-fill extension to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. With detection technology modeled closely on the successful IceCube example, PINGU will provide a 6 Mton effective mass for neutrino detection with an energy threshold of a few GeV. With an unprecedented sample of over 60 000 atmospheric neutrinos per year in this energy range, PINGU will make highly competitive measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters in an energy range over an order of magnitude higher than long-baseline neutrino beam experiments. PINGU will measure the mixing parameters Θ23 and Δm2 32, including the octant of Θ23 for a wide range of values, and determine the neutrino mass ordering at 3σ median significance within five years of operation. PINGU's high precision measurement of the rate of nt appearance will provide essential tests of the unitarity of the 3 ×3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. PINGU will also improve the sensitivity of searches for low mass dark matter in the Sun, use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core, and improve IceCube's sensitivity to neutrinos from Galactic supernovae. Reoptimization of the PINGU design has permitted substantial reduction in both cost and logistical requirements while delivering performance nearly identical to configurations previously studied.",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and K. Abraham and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and Anderson, {Tyler Brooks} and I. Ansseau and G. Anton and M. Archinger and C. Arguelles and Arlen, {T. C.} and J. Auffenberg and S. Axani and X. Bai and I. Bartos and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and S. Benzvi and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and S. Blot and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and F. Bos and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and J. Braun and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and A. Burgman and T. Carver and M. Casier and E. Cheung and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and K. Clark and L. Classen and S. Coenders and Collin, {G. H.} and Conrad, {J. M.} and Douglas Cowen and R. Cross and M. Day and {De Andr{\'e}}, {J. 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Hellauer and S. Hickford and J. Hignight and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and K. Holzapfel and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and M. Huber and K. Hultqvist and S. In and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and Japaridze, {G. S.} and M. Jeong and K. Jero and Jones, {B. J.P.} and M. Jurkovic and O. Kalekin and A. Kappes and G. Karagiorgi and T. Karg and A. Karle and T. Katori and U. Katz and M. Kauer and A. Keivani and Kelley, {J. L.} and J. Kemp and A. Kheirandish and M. Kim and T. Kintscher and J. Kiryluk and T. Kittler and Klein, {S. R.} and G. Kohnen and R. Koirala and H. Kolanoski and R. Konietz and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and Krauss, {C. B.} and K. Krings and M. Kroll and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and C. Kr{\"u}ger and J. Kunnen and S. Kunwar and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and Lanfranchi, {J. L.} and Larson, {M. J.} and F. Lauber and D. Lennarz and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leuner and J. Losecco and L. Lu and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and Mahn, {K. B.M.} and S. Mancina and S. Mandalia and M. Mandelartz and S. Marka and Z. Marka and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and R. Maunu and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Medici and M. Meier and A. Meli and T. Menne and G. Merino and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and Moore, {R. W.} and M. Moulai and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and G. Neer and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and {Obertacke Pollmann}, A. and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and A. Palazzo and T. Palczewski and H. Pandya and Pankova, {D. V.} and Penek and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and Petersen, {T. C.} and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and Pinfold, {J. L.} and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and M. Quinnan and C. Raab and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and R. Reimann and B. Relethford and M. Relich and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and B. Riedel and S. Robertson and M. Rongen and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk and L. Sabbatini and {Sanchez Herrera}, {S. E.} and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and P. Sandstrom and S. Sarkar and K. Satalecka and M. Schimp and P. Schlunder and T. Schmidt and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and L. Schumacher and D. Seckel and S. Seunarine and Shaevitz, {M. H.} and D. Soldin and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and M. Song and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stahlberg and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and A. Steuer and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and R. Str{\"o}m and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and M. Sutherland and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Taketa and Tanaka, {H. K.M.} and J. Tatar and F. Tenholt and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and Tobin, {M. N.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and A. Turcati and E. Unger and M. Usner and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and S. Vanheule and {Van Rossem}, M. and {Van Santen}, J. and J. Veenkamp and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and A. Wallace and M. Wallraff and N. Wandkowsky and Ch Weaver and Weiss, {M. J.} and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and Whelan, {B. J.} and S. Wickmann and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and L. Wille and Williams, {D. R.} and L. Wills and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and E. Woolsey and K. Woschnagg and S. Wren and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Y. Xu and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and M. Zoll",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6471/44/5/054006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
journal = "Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics",
issn = "0954-3899",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

Aartsen, MG, Abraham, K, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Anderson, TB, Ansseau, I, Anton, G, Archinger, M, Arguelles, C, Arlen, TC, Auffenberg, J, Axani, S, Bai, X, Bartos, I, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Benzvi, S, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blot, S, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Börner, M, Bos, F, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Braun, J, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Burgman, A, Carver, T, Casier, M, Cheung, E, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Clark, K, Classen, L, Coenders, S, Collin, GH, Conrad, JM, Cowen, D, Cross, R, Day, M, De André, JPAM, De Clercq, C, Del Rosendo, EP, Dembinski, H, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De Wasseige, G, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Di Lorenzo, V, Dujmovic, H, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eberhardt, B, Ehrhardt, T, Eichmann, B, Eller, P, Euler, S, Evans, JJ, Evenson, PA, Fahey, S, Fazely, AR, Feintzeig, J, Felde, J, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Flis, S, Fösig, CC, Franckowiak, A, Friedman, E, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Ghorbani, K, Giang, W, Gladstone, L, Glagla, M, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Golup, G, Gonzalez, JG, Grant, D, Griffith, Z, Haack, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hansen, E, Hansmann, B, Hansmann, T, Hanson, K, Haugen, J, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hignight, J, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Holzapfel, K, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huber, M, Hultqvist, K, In, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Japaridze, GS, Jeong, M, Jero, K, Jones, BJP, Jurkovic, M, Kalekin, O, Kappes, A, Karagiorgi, G, Karg, T, Karle, A, Katori, T, Katz, U, Kauer, M, Keivani, A, Kelley, JL, Kemp, J, Kheirandish, A, Kim, M, Kintscher, T, Kiryluk, J, Kittler, T, Klein, SR, Kohnen, G, Koirala, R, Kolanoski, H, Konietz, R, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krauss, CB, Krings, K, Kroll, M, Krückl, G, Krüger, C, Kunnen, J, Kunwar, S, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Lanfranchi, JL, Larson, MJ, Lauber, F, Lennarz, D, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Leuner, J, Losecco, J, Lu, L, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Mahn, KBM, Mancina, S, Mandalia, S, Mandelartz, M, Marka, S, Marka, Z, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Maunu, R, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Medici, M, Meier, M, Meli, A, Menne, T, Merino, G, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Moore, RW, Moulai, M, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Neer, G, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke Pollmann, A, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, Palazzo, A, Palczewski, T, Pandya, H, Pankova, DV, Penek, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Petersen, TC, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Pinfold, JL, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Quinnan, M, Raab, C, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Reimann, R, Relethford, B, Relich, M, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Robertson, S, Rongen, M, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ryckbosch, D, Rysewyk, D, Sabbatini, L, Sanchez Herrera, SE, Sandrock, A, Sandroos, J, Sandstrom, P, Sarkar, S, Satalecka, K, Schimp, M, Schlunder, P, Schmidt, T, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schumacher, L, Seckel, D, Seunarine, S, Shaevitz, MH, Soldin, D, Söldner-Rembold, S, Song, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stahlberg, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Steuer, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Ström, R, Strotjohann, NL, Sullivan, GW, Sutherland, M, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Taketa, A, Tanaka, HKM, Tatar, J, Tenholt, F, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Tobin, MN, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Turcati, A, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vanheule, S, Van Rossem, M, Van Santen, J, Veenkamp, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Wallace, A, Wallraff, M, Wandkowsky, N, Weaver, C, Weiss, MJ, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whelan, BJ, Wickmann, S, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wille, L, Williams, DR, Wills, L, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woolsey, E, Woschnagg, K, Wren, S, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Xu, Y, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S & Zoll, M 2017, 'PINGU: A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole', Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 44, no. 5, 054006. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6471/44/5/054006

PINGU : A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole. / Aartsen, M. G.; Abraham, K.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Anderson, Tyler Brooks; Ansseau, I.; Anton, G.; Archinger, M.; Arguelles, C.; Arlen, T. C.; Auffenberg, J.; Axani, S.; Bai, X.; Bartos, I.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Benzvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blot, S.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Bos, F.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Braun, J.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Burgman, A.; Carver, T.; Casier, M.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Coenders, S.; Collin, G. H.; Conrad, J. M.; Cowen, Douglas; Cross, R.; Day, M.; De André, J. P.A.M.; De Clercq, C.; Del Rosendo, E. Pino; Dembinski, H.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De Wasseige, G.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Di Lorenzo, V.; Dujmovic, H.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eberhardt, B.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eichmann, B.; Eller, P.; Euler, S.; Evans, J. J.; Evenson, P. A.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Feintzeig, J.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Flis, S.; Fösig, C. C.; Franckowiak, A.; Friedman, E.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Giang, W.; Gladstone, L.; Glagla, M.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Grant, D.; Griffith, Z.; Haack, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hansen, E.; Hansmann, B.; Hansmann, T.; Hanson, K.; Haugen, J.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Holzapfel, K.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Hultqvist, K.; In, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jeong, M.; Jero, K.; Jones, B. J.P.; Jurkovic, M.; Kalekin, O.; Kappes, A.; Karagiorgi, G.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Katori, T.; Katz, U.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kemp, J.; Kheirandish, A.; Kim, M.; Kintscher, T.; Kiryluk, J.; Kittler, T.; Klein, S. R.; Kohnen, G.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Konietz, R.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krauss, C. B.; Krings, K.; Kroll, M.; Krückl, G.; Krüger, C.; Kunnen, J.; Kunwar, S.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lauber, F.; Lennarz, D.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leuner, J.; Losecco, J.; Lu, L.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B.M.; Mancina, S.; Mandalia, S.; Mandelartz, M.; Marka, S.; Marka, Z.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Maunu, R.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Meier, M.; Meli, A.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Moore, R. W.; Moulai, M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Neer, G.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke Pollmann, A.; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palazzo, A.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Pankova, D. V.; Penek; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Petersen, T. C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Pinfold, J. L.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Quinnan, M.; Raab, C.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Reimann, R.; Relethford, B.; Relich, M.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Rysewyk, D.; Sabbatini, L.; Sanchez Herrera, S. E.; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Sandstrom, P.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schimp, M.; Schlunder, P.; Schmidt, T.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schumacher, L.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Soldin, D.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Song, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stahlberg, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Steuer, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Ström, R.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sutherland, M.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Taketa, A.; Tanaka, H. K.M.; Tatar, J.; Tenholt, F.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Turcati, A.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vanheule, S.; Van Rossem, M.; Van Santen, J.; Veenkamp, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Wallace, A.; Wallraff, M.; Wandkowsky, N.; Weaver, Ch; Weiss, M. J.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Wickmann, S.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wills, L.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woolsey, E.; Woschnagg, K.; Wren, S.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zoll, M.

In: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 44, No. 5, 054006, 07.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - PINGU

T2 - A vision for neutrino and particle physics at the South Pole

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Abraham, K.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Ahrens, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Anderson, Tyler Brooks

AU - Ansseau, I.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Archinger, M.

AU - Arguelles, C.

AU - Arlen, T. C.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Axani, S.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Becker Tjus, J.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bernhard, A.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blot, S.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Börner, M.

AU - Bos, F.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Braun, J.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Burgman, A.

AU - Carver, T.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Cheung, E.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Classen, L.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Collin, G. H.

AU - Conrad, J. M.

AU - Cowen, Douglas

AU - Cross, R.

AU - Day, M.

AU - De André, J. P.A.M.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - Del Rosendo, E. Pino

AU - Dembinski, H.

AU - De Ridder, S.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De Wasseige, G.

AU - De With, M.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Di Lorenzo, V.

AU - Dujmovic, H.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Ehrhardt, T.

AU - Eichmann, B.

AU - Eller, P.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evans, J. J.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fahey, S.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Felde, J.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Fösig, C. C.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Friedman, E.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Ghorbani, K.

AU - Giang, W.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glagla, M.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Golup, G.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Griffith, Z.

AU - Haack, C.

AU - Haj Ismail, A.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hansen, E.

AU - Hansmann, B.

AU - Hansmann, T.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Haugen, J.

AU - Hebecker, D.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hignight, J.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Holzapfel, K.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huang, F.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - In, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jeong, M.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jones, B. J.P.

AU - Jurkovic, M.

AU - Kalekin, O.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karagiorgi, G.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Katori, T.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kauer, M.

AU - Keivani, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kemp, J.

AU - Kheirandish, A.

AU - Kim, M.

AU - Kintscher, T.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kittler, T.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Koirala, R.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Konietz, R.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krauss, C. B.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, M.

AU - Krückl, G.

AU - Krüger, C.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kunwar, S.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Lanfranchi, J. L.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauber, F.

AU - Lennarz, D.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Leuner, J.

AU - Losecco, J.

AU - Lu, L.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Mahn, K. B.M.

AU - Mancina, S.

AU - Mandalia, S.

AU - Mandelartz, M.

AU - Marka, S.

AU - Marka, Z.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Maunu, R.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Medici, M.

AU - Meier, M.

AU - Meli, A.

AU - Menne, T.

AU - Merino, G.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Moore, R. W.

AU - Moulai, M.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Neer, G.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke Pollmann, A.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Palazzo, A.

AU - Palczewski, T.

AU - Pandya, H.

AU - Pankova, D. V.

AU - Penek,

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Petersen, T. C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Pinfold, J. L.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Quinnan, M.

AU - Raab, C.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Relethford, B.

AU - Relich, M.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Robertson, S.

AU - Rongen, M.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Rysewyk, D.

AU - Sabbatini, L.

AU - Sanchez Herrera, S. E.

AU - Sandrock, A.

AU - Sandroos, J.

AU - Sandstrom, P.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Satalecka, K.

AU - Schimp, M.

AU - Schlunder, P.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schumacher, L.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Shaevitz, M. H.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Söldner-Rembold, S.

AU - Song, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stahlberg, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Steuer, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Strotjohann, N. L.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Sutherland, M.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Taketa, A.

AU - Tanaka, H. K.M.

AU - Tatar, J.

AU - Tenholt, F.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Terliuk, A.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Tobin, M. N.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Tselengidou, M.

AU - Turcati, A.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Vanheule, S.

AU - Van Rossem, M.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Veenkamp, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wallace, A.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Wandkowsky, N.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Weiss, M. J.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whelan, B. J.

AU - Wickmann, S.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wille, L.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wills, L.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woolsey, E.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Wren, S.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2017/4/7

Y1 - 2017/4/7

N2 - The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed lowenergy in-fill extension to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. With detection technology modeled closely on the successful IceCube example, PINGU will provide a 6 Mton effective mass for neutrino detection with an energy threshold of a few GeV. With an unprecedented sample of over 60 000 atmospheric neutrinos per year in this energy range, PINGU will make highly competitive measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters in an energy range over an order of magnitude higher than long-baseline neutrino beam experiments. PINGU will measure the mixing parameters Θ23 and Δm2 32, including the octant of Θ23 for a wide range of values, and determine the neutrino mass ordering at 3σ median significance within five years of operation. PINGU's high precision measurement of the rate of nt appearance will provide essential tests of the unitarity of the 3 ×3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. PINGU will also improve the sensitivity of searches for low mass dark matter in the Sun, use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core, and improve IceCube's sensitivity to neutrinos from Galactic supernovae. Reoptimization of the PINGU design has permitted substantial reduction in both cost and logistical requirements while delivering performance nearly identical to configurations previously studied.

AB - The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed lowenergy in-fill extension to the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. With detection technology modeled closely on the successful IceCube example, PINGU will provide a 6 Mton effective mass for neutrino detection with an energy threshold of a few GeV. With an unprecedented sample of over 60 000 atmospheric neutrinos per year in this energy range, PINGU will make highly competitive measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters in an energy range over an order of magnitude higher than long-baseline neutrino beam experiments. PINGU will measure the mixing parameters Θ23 and Δm2 32, including the octant of Θ23 for a wide range of values, and determine the neutrino mass ordering at 3σ median significance within five years of operation. PINGU's high precision measurement of the rate of nt appearance will provide essential tests of the unitarity of the 3 ×3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. PINGU will also improve the sensitivity of searches for low mass dark matter in the Sun, use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core, and improve IceCube's sensitivity to neutrinos from Galactic supernovae. Reoptimization of the PINGU design has permitted substantial reduction in both cost and logistical requirements while delivering performance nearly identical to configurations previously studied.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018480096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018480096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6471/44/5/054006

DO - 10.1088/1361-6471/44/5/054006

M3 - Article

VL - 44

JO - Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

JF - Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

SN - 0954-3899

IS - 5

M1 - 054006

ER -