Planetary nebulae as standard candles. XII. Connecting the population I and population II distance scales

Robin Bruce Ciardullo, John J. Feldmeier, George H. Jacoby, Rachel Kuzio De Naray, Mary Beth Laychak, Patrick R. Durrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the results of [O III] λ5007 surveys for planetary nebulae (PNe) in six galaxies: NGC 2403, NGC 3115, NGC 3351, NGC 3627, NGC 4258, and NGC 5866. Using on-band/off-band [O III] λ5007 images, as well as images taken in Hα, we identify samples of PNe in these galaxies and derive their distances using the planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF). We then combine these measurements with previous data to compare the PNLF, Cepheid, and surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance scales. We use a sample of 13 galaxies to show that the absolute magnitude of the PNLF cutoff is fainter in small, low-metallicity systems, but the trend is well modeled by the theoretical relation of Dopita, Jacoby, & Vassiliadis. When this metallicity dependence is removed, the scatter between the Cepheid and PNLF distances becomes consistent with the internal errors of the methods and independent of any obvious galaxy parameter. We then use these data to recalibrate the zero point of the PNLF distance scale. We use a sample of 28 galaxies to show that the scatter between the PNLF and SBF distance measurements agrees with that predicted from the techniques' internal errors and that there is no systematic trend between the distance residuals and stellar population. However, we also find that the PNLF and SBF methods have a significant scale offset: Cepheid-calibrated PNLF distances are, on average, ∼0.3 mag smaller than Cepheid-calibrated SBF distances. We discuss the possible causes of this offset and suggest that internal extinction in the bulges of the SBF calibration galaxies is the principal cause of the discrepancy. If this hypothesis is correct, then the SBF-based Hubble constant must be increased by ∼7%. We also use our distance to NGC 4258 to argue that the short distance scale to the LMC is correct and that the global Hubble constant inferred from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project should be increased by 8% ± 3% to H0 = 78 ± 7 km s-1 Mpc-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-50
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume577
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2002

Fingerprint

planetary nebulae
luminosity
brightness
galaxies
Hubble constant
metallicity
trends
causes
Hubble Space Telescope
extinction
calibration
cut-off

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Ciardullo, Robin Bruce ; Feldmeier, John J. ; Jacoby, George H. ; De Naray, Rachel Kuzio ; Laychak, Mary Beth ; Durrell, Patrick R. / Planetary nebulae as standard candles. XII. Connecting the population I and population II distance scales. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 577, No. 1 I. pp. 31-50.
@article{ce775b20ab5b47688e752bada75b0d72,
title = "Planetary nebulae as standard candles. XII. Connecting the population I and population II distance scales",
abstract = "We report the results of [O III] λ5007 surveys for planetary nebulae (PNe) in six galaxies: NGC 2403, NGC 3115, NGC 3351, NGC 3627, NGC 4258, and NGC 5866. Using on-band/off-band [O III] λ5007 images, as well as images taken in Hα, we identify samples of PNe in these galaxies and derive their distances using the planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF). We then combine these measurements with previous data to compare the PNLF, Cepheid, and surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance scales. We use a sample of 13 galaxies to show that the absolute magnitude of the PNLF cutoff is fainter in small, low-metallicity systems, but the trend is well modeled by the theoretical relation of Dopita, Jacoby, & Vassiliadis. When this metallicity dependence is removed, the scatter between the Cepheid and PNLF distances becomes consistent with the internal errors of the methods and independent of any obvious galaxy parameter. We then use these data to recalibrate the zero point of the PNLF distance scale. We use a sample of 28 galaxies to show that the scatter between the PNLF and SBF distance measurements agrees with that predicted from the techniques' internal errors and that there is no systematic trend between the distance residuals and stellar population. However, we also find that the PNLF and SBF methods have a significant scale offset: Cepheid-calibrated PNLF distances are, on average, ∼0.3 mag smaller than Cepheid-calibrated SBF distances. We discuss the possible causes of this offset and suggest that internal extinction in the bulges of the SBF calibration galaxies is the principal cause of the discrepancy. If this hypothesis is correct, then the SBF-based Hubble constant must be increased by ∼7{\%}. We also use our distance to NGC 4258 to argue that the short distance scale to the LMC is correct and that the global Hubble constant inferred from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project should be increased by 8{\%} ± 3{\%} to H0 = 78 ± 7 km s-1 Mpc-1.",
author = "Ciardullo, {Robin Bruce} and Feldmeier, {John J.} and Jacoby, {George H.} and {De Naray}, {Rachel Kuzio} and Laychak, {Mary Beth} and Durrell, {Patrick R.}",
year = "2002",
month = "9",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1086/342180",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "577",
pages = "31--50",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1 I",

}

Planetary nebulae as standard candles. XII. Connecting the population I and population II distance scales. / Ciardullo, Robin Bruce; Feldmeier, John J.; Jacoby, George H.; De Naray, Rachel Kuzio; Laychak, Mary Beth; Durrell, Patrick R.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 577, No. 1 I, 20.09.2002, p. 31-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Planetary nebulae as standard candles. XII. Connecting the population I and population II distance scales

AU - Ciardullo, Robin Bruce

AU - Feldmeier, John J.

AU - Jacoby, George H.

AU - De Naray, Rachel Kuzio

AU - Laychak, Mary Beth

AU - Durrell, Patrick R.

PY - 2002/9/20

Y1 - 2002/9/20

N2 - We report the results of [O III] λ5007 surveys for planetary nebulae (PNe) in six galaxies: NGC 2403, NGC 3115, NGC 3351, NGC 3627, NGC 4258, and NGC 5866. Using on-band/off-band [O III] λ5007 images, as well as images taken in Hα, we identify samples of PNe in these galaxies and derive their distances using the planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF). We then combine these measurements with previous data to compare the PNLF, Cepheid, and surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance scales. We use a sample of 13 galaxies to show that the absolute magnitude of the PNLF cutoff is fainter in small, low-metallicity systems, but the trend is well modeled by the theoretical relation of Dopita, Jacoby, & Vassiliadis. When this metallicity dependence is removed, the scatter between the Cepheid and PNLF distances becomes consistent with the internal errors of the methods and independent of any obvious galaxy parameter. We then use these data to recalibrate the zero point of the PNLF distance scale. We use a sample of 28 galaxies to show that the scatter between the PNLF and SBF distance measurements agrees with that predicted from the techniques' internal errors and that there is no systematic trend between the distance residuals and stellar population. However, we also find that the PNLF and SBF methods have a significant scale offset: Cepheid-calibrated PNLF distances are, on average, ∼0.3 mag smaller than Cepheid-calibrated SBF distances. We discuss the possible causes of this offset and suggest that internal extinction in the bulges of the SBF calibration galaxies is the principal cause of the discrepancy. If this hypothesis is correct, then the SBF-based Hubble constant must be increased by ∼7%. We also use our distance to NGC 4258 to argue that the short distance scale to the LMC is correct and that the global Hubble constant inferred from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project should be increased by 8% ± 3% to H0 = 78 ± 7 km s-1 Mpc-1.

AB - We report the results of [O III] λ5007 surveys for planetary nebulae (PNe) in six galaxies: NGC 2403, NGC 3115, NGC 3351, NGC 3627, NGC 4258, and NGC 5866. Using on-band/off-band [O III] λ5007 images, as well as images taken in Hα, we identify samples of PNe in these galaxies and derive their distances using the planetary nebula luminosity function (PNLF). We then combine these measurements with previous data to compare the PNLF, Cepheid, and surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance scales. We use a sample of 13 galaxies to show that the absolute magnitude of the PNLF cutoff is fainter in small, low-metallicity systems, but the trend is well modeled by the theoretical relation of Dopita, Jacoby, & Vassiliadis. When this metallicity dependence is removed, the scatter between the Cepheid and PNLF distances becomes consistent with the internal errors of the methods and independent of any obvious galaxy parameter. We then use these data to recalibrate the zero point of the PNLF distance scale. We use a sample of 28 galaxies to show that the scatter between the PNLF and SBF distance measurements agrees with that predicted from the techniques' internal errors and that there is no systematic trend between the distance residuals and stellar population. However, we also find that the PNLF and SBF methods have a significant scale offset: Cepheid-calibrated PNLF distances are, on average, ∼0.3 mag smaller than Cepheid-calibrated SBF distances. We discuss the possible causes of this offset and suggest that internal extinction in the bulges of the SBF calibration galaxies is the principal cause of the discrepancy. If this hypothesis is correct, then the SBF-based Hubble constant must be increased by ∼7%. We also use our distance to NGC 4258 to argue that the short distance scale to the LMC is correct and that the global Hubble constant inferred from the Hubble Space Telescope Key Project should be increased by 8% ± 3% to H0 = 78 ± 7 km s-1 Mpc-1.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037515488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037515488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/342180

DO - 10.1086/342180

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0037515488

VL - 577

SP - 31

EP - 50

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1 I

ER -