PLM/RARα, a Fusion Protein in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Prevents Growth Factor Withdrawal-Induced Apoptosis in TF-1 Cells

Siqing Fu, Ugo Consoli, Elie G. Hanania, Zhifei Zu, David Claxton, Michael Andreeff, Albert B. Deisseroth

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A unique mRNA produced by the t(15;17)(q22-24;q11-21) translocation in the leukemic cells of acute promyelocytic leukemia patients encodes a chimeric protein, PML/ RARα, which is formed by the fusion of the retinoic acid receptor a (RARα) and the promyelocytic locus gene (PML). This translocation is often the only visible karyotypic aberration present which is detected in almost 100% of acute promyelocytic leukemia patients. As an initial step to study the role of PML/RARα in leukemogenesis, we attempted to express the fusion protein in hematopoietic cells through retrovirus-mediated gene transfer of the retroviral vector, pGPRCHT, which contains the PML/RARα cDNA. Transduction of the PML/RARα cDNA fragment used in this vector, which extends from the position 31 bp to the position 2638 bp in a transcription unit driven by the Moloney murine sarcoma virus LTR, was found to abrogate the growth factor dependence of TF-1 cells. In addition, introduction of PML/RARα into TF-1 cells can protect these cells from the apoptosis usually induced in TF-1 cells by growth factor withdrawal, as measured by three assays for apoptosis: morphology, DNA ladder formation, and end labeling of nicked DNA with fluorescent-conjugated nucleotide precursors followed by a fluorescence-activated cell sorting assay. These data suggest that the PML/RARα fusion protein may inhibit programmed cell death in myeloid cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-590
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume1
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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