Electromechanical property measurements and microstructure observations using optical microscopy were performed on a c oriented k 33 resonator made of 91%Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O 3-9%PbTiO3 single crystal, which was polarized under different electric fields. At room temperature, when the poling field is 1100 V/mm, the electromechanical coupling factor k33 is 0.90 and piezoelectric coefficient d33 is 1665 pC/N. Such superior electromechanical properties could be attributed to the formation of monoclinic multi-domain structure, which transforms to tetragonal phase at 46 °C. While at a higher poling field of 1200 V/mm, the crystal becomes singledomain tetragonal state and its k33 and d33 are only about 0.69 and 850 pC/N, respectively. The critical poling field to transform the monoclinic phase to the tetragonal phase is found to be ∼1120 V/mm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering