Poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D(pol)). Assembly of stable, elongation-competent complexes by using a symmetrical primer-template substrate (sym/sub)

Jamie Jon Arnold, Craig Eugene Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed studies of the kinetics and mechanism of nucleotide incorporation catalyzed by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from poliovirus, 3D(pol), have been limited by the inability to assemble elongation complexes that permit activity to be monitored by extension of end-labeled primers. We have solved this problem by employing a short, symmetrical, heteropolymeric RNA primer-template that we refer to as 'sym/sub'. Formation of 3D(pol)- sym/sub complexes is slow owing to a slow rate of association (0.1 μM-1 s-1) of 3D(pol) and sym/sub and a slow isomerization (0.076 s-1) of the 3D(pol)-sym/sub complex that is a prerequisite for catalytic competence of this complex. Complex assembly is stoichiometric under conditions in which competing reactions, such as enzyme inactivation, are eliminated. Inactivation of 3D(pol) occurs at a maximal rate of 0.051 s-1 at 22 °C in reaction buffer lacking nucleotide. At this temperature, ATP protects 3D(pol) against inactivation with a K0.5 of 37 μM. Once formed, 3D(pol)-sym/sub elongation complexes are stable (t( 1/2 ) = 2 h at 22 °C) and appear to contain only a single polymerase monomer. In the presence of Mg2+, AMP, 2'-dAMP, and 3'-dAMP are incorporated into sym/sub by 3D(pol) at rates of 72, 0.6, and 1 s-1, respectively. After incorporation of AMP, 3D(pol)-sym/sub product complexes have a half-life of 8 h at 22 °C. The stability of 3D(pol)-sym/sub complexes is temperature-dependent. At 30 °C, there is a 2-8-fold decrease in complex stability. Complex dissociation is the rate-limiting step for primer utilization. 3D(pol) dissociates from the end of template at a rate 10-fold faster than from internal positions. The sym/sub system will facilitate mechanistic analysis of 3D(pol) and permit a direct kinetic and thermodynamic comparison of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to the other classes of nucleic acid polymerases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5329-5336
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2000

Fingerprint

RNA Replicase
Poliovirus
Adenosine Monophosphate
Elongation
Nucleotides
Temperature
Substrates
Thermodynamics
Mental Competency
Nucleic Acids
Half-Life
Buffers
Adenosine Triphosphate
Enzymes
Kinetics
Isomerization
Monomers
Association reactions
RNA primers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{9f27d767bb7c48e58c3138720247592c,
title = "Poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D(pol)). Assembly of stable, elongation-competent complexes by using a symmetrical primer-template substrate (sym/sub)",
abstract = "Detailed studies of the kinetics and mechanism of nucleotide incorporation catalyzed by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from poliovirus, 3D(pol), have been limited by the inability to assemble elongation complexes that permit activity to be monitored by extension of end-labeled primers. We have solved this problem by employing a short, symmetrical, heteropolymeric RNA primer-template that we refer to as 'sym/sub'. Formation of 3D(pol)- sym/sub complexes is slow owing to a slow rate of association (0.1 μM-1 s-1) of 3D(pol) and sym/sub and a slow isomerization (0.076 s-1) of the 3D(pol)-sym/sub complex that is a prerequisite for catalytic competence of this complex. Complex assembly is stoichiometric under conditions in which competing reactions, such as enzyme inactivation, are eliminated. Inactivation of 3D(pol) occurs at a maximal rate of 0.051 s-1 at 22 °C in reaction buffer lacking nucleotide. At this temperature, ATP protects 3D(pol) against inactivation with a K0.5 of 37 μM. Once formed, 3D(pol)-sym/sub elongation complexes are stable (t( 1/2 ) = 2 h at 22 °C) and appear to contain only a single polymerase monomer. In the presence of Mg2+, AMP, 2'-dAMP, and 3'-dAMP are incorporated into sym/sub by 3D(pol) at rates of 72, 0.6, and 1 s-1, respectively. After incorporation of AMP, 3D(pol)-sym/sub product complexes have a half-life of 8 h at 22 °C. The stability of 3D(pol)-sym/sub complexes is temperature-dependent. At 30 °C, there is a 2-8-fold decrease in complex stability. Complex dissociation is the rate-limiting step for primer utilization. 3D(pol) dissociates from the end of template at a rate 10-fold faster than from internal positions. The sym/sub system will facilitate mechanistic analysis of 3D(pol) and permit a direct kinetic and thermodynamic comparison of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to the other classes of nucleic acid polymerases.",
author = "Arnold, {Jamie Jon} and Cameron, {Craig Eugene}",
year = "2000",
month = "2",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.275.8.5329",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "275",
pages = "5329--5336",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "8",

}

Poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D(pol)). Assembly of stable, elongation-competent complexes by using a symmetrical primer-template substrate (sym/sub). / Arnold, Jamie Jon; Cameron, Craig Eugene.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 275, No. 8, 25.02.2000, p. 5329-5336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poliovirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D(pol)). Assembly of stable, elongation-competent complexes by using a symmetrical primer-template substrate (sym/sub)

AU - Arnold, Jamie Jon

AU - Cameron, Craig Eugene

PY - 2000/2/25

Y1 - 2000/2/25

N2 - Detailed studies of the kinetics and mechanism of nucleotide incorporation catalyzed by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from poliovirus, 3D(pol), have been limited by the inability to assemble elongation complexes that permit activity to be monitored by extension of end-labeled primers. We have solved this problem by employing a short, symmetrical, heteropolymeric RNA primer-template that we refer to as 'sym/sub'. Formation of 3D(pol)- sym/sub complexes is slow owing to a slow rate of association (0.1 μM-1 s-1) of 3D(pol) and sym/sub and a slow isomerization (0.076 s-1) of the 3D(pol)-sym/sub complex that is a prerequisite for catalytic competence of this complex. Complex assembly is stoichiometric under conditions in which competing reactions, such as enzyme inactivation, are eliminated. Inactivation of 3D(pol) occurs at a maximal rate of 0.051 s-1 at 22 °C in reaction buffer lacking nucleotide. At this temperature, ATP protects 3D(pol) against inactivation with a K0.5 of 37 μM. Once formed, 3D(pol)-sym/sub elongation complexes are stable (t( 1/2 ) = 2 h at 22 °C) and appear to contain only a single polymerase monomer. In the presence of Mg2+, AMP, 2'-dAMP, and 3'-dAMP are incorporated into sym/sub by 3D(pol) at rates of 72, 0.6, and 1 s-1, respectively. After incorporation of AMP, 3D(pol)-sym/sub product complexes have a half-life of 8 h at 22 °C. The stability of 3D(pol)-sym/sub complexes is temperature-dependent. At 30 °C, there is a 2-8-fold decrease in complex stability. Complex dissociation is the rate-limiting step for primer utilization. 3D(pol) dissociates from the end of template at a rate 10-fold faster than from internal positions. The sym/sub system will facilitate mechanistic analysis of 3D(pol) and permit a direct kinetic and thermodynamic comparison of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to the other classes of nucleic acid polymerases.

AB - Detailed studies of the kinetics and mechanism of nucleotide incorporation catalyzed by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from poliovirus, 3D(pol), have been limited by the inability to assemble elongation complexes that permit activity to be monitored by extension of end-labeled primers. We have solved this problem by employing a short, symmetrical, heteropolymeric RNA primer-template that we refer to as 'sym/sub'. Formation of 3D(pol)- sym/sub complexes is slow owing to a slow rate of association (0.1 μM-1 s-1) of 3D(pol) and sym/sub and a slow isomerization (0.076 s-1) of the 3D(pol)-sym/sub complex that is a prerequisite for catalytic competence of this complex. Complex assembly is stoichiometric under conditions in which competing reactions, such as enzyme inactivation, are eliminated. Inactivation of 3D(pol) occurs at a maximal rate of 0.051 s-1 at 22 °C in reaction buffer lacking nucleotide. At this temperature, ATP protects 3D(pol) against inactivation with a K0.5 of 37 μM. Once formed, 3D(pol)-sym/sub elongation complexes are stable (t( 1/2 ) = 2 h at 22 °C) and appear to contain only a single polymerase monomer. In the presence of Mg2+, AMP, 2'-dAMP, and 3'-dAMP are incorporated into sym/sub by 3D(pol) at rates of 72, 0.6, and 1 s-1, respectively. After incorporation of AMP, 3D(pol)-sym/sub product complexes have a half-life of 8 h at 22 °C. The stability of 3D(pol)-sym/sub complexes is temperature-dependent. At 30 °C, there is a 2-8-fold decrease in complex stability. Complex dissociation is the rate-limiting step for primer utilization. 3D(pol) dissociates from the end of template at a rate 10-fold faster than from internal positions. The sym/sub system will facilitate mechanistic analysis of 3D(pol) and permit a direct kinetic and thermodynamic comparison of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to the other classes of nucleic acid polymerases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034090927&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034090927&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.275.8.5329

DO - 10.1074/jbc.275.8.5329

M3 - Article

C2 - 10681506

AN - SCOPUS:0034090927

VL - 275

SP - 5329

EP - 5336

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 8

ER -