We have recently provided evidence to suggest that the polyamine pathway plays an essential role in the expression of the growth-promoting effect of estradiol (E2) regulated growth factors in the N-nitrosomethylurea (NMU) induced rat mammary tumor cultured in vitro in the soft agar clonogenic assay. To further explore the interaction between the polyamine pathway and autocrine control of tumor growth by E2, we tested whether, in our system, polyamines play a role in the synthesis of E2-regulated growth factors. Conditioned medium (CM) obtained from tumors treated with E2 and the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor α-difluoromethyl-ornithine (DFMO) (1 mM) no longer exhibited the colony-stimulating effect which was consistently observed with E2-CM. Such growth promoting activity was restored in a dose-dependent fashion with CM obtained from tumors treated with E2, DFMO, and increasing concentrations of spermidine (from 1 to 100 μM). Conditioned medium obtained from tumors treated with DFMO with and without spermidine in the absence of E2 had no discernible effects on colony formation. The colony stimulating effect of the CM employed could not be accounted for by the contaminating presence in the media of E2, DFMO, or polyamines. These results indicate that, in our system, the polyamine pathway plays an important role in the synthesis of E2-regulated growth factors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research