Poly[(aryloxy)carbophosphazenes]: Synthesis, Properties, and Thermal Transition Behavior

Harry R. Allcock, Suzanne M. Coley, Ian Manners, Oskar Nuyken, Gerhard Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cyclic carbophosphazene N3P2CC15 undergoes thermal ring-opening polymerization at 120 °C to yield the poly(chlorocarbophosphazene) [N3P2CC15]n as a hydrolytically sensitive elastomer. This polymer was allowed to react with a variety of aryloxide nucleophiles to afford a range of hydrolytically stable poly[(aryloxy)carbophosphazenes] [N3P2C(OAr)5]n. These macromolecules were characterized by 31P, lH, and 13C NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, gel permeation chromatography and, in one case, light scattering. Analogous, small-molecule model reactions, in which the cyclocarbophosphazene N3P2CC16 was allowed to react with the same aryloxide nucleophiles to yield the cyclic species N3P2C(OAr)5, are also described. The glass transition temperatures of the poly-[(aryloxy)carbophosphazenes] are 16–42 °C higher than those of their classical polyphosphazene analogues [NP(OAr)2]n. Possible reasons for the lower skeletal flexibility of poly(carbophosphazenes) compared to classical polyphosphazenes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2024-2028
Number of pages5
JournalMacromolecules
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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