Polycistronic tRNA and CRISPR guide-RNA enables highly efficient multiplexed genome engineering in human cells

Fengping Dong, Kabin Xie, Yueying Chen, Yinong Yang, Yingwei Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CRISPR/Cas9 has been widely used for genomic editing in many organisms. Many human diseases are caused by multiple mutations. The CRISPR/Cas9 system provides a potential tool to introduce multiple mutations in a genome. To mimic complicated genomic variants in human diseases, such as multiple gene deletions or mutations, two or more small guide RNAs (sgRNAs) need to be introduced all together. This can be achieved by separate Pol III promoters in a construct. However, limited enzyme sites and increased insertion size lower the efficiency to make a construct. Here, we report a strategy to quickly assembly multiple sgRNAs in one construct using a polycistronic-tRNA-gRNA (PTG) strategy. Taking advantage of the endogenous tRNA processing system in mammalian cells, we efficiently express multiple sgRNAs driven using only one Pol III promoter. Using an all-in-one construct carrying PTG, we disrupt the deacetylase domain in multiple histone deacetylases (HDACs) in human cells simultaneously. We demonstrate that multiple HDAC deletions significantly affect the activation of the Wnt-signaling pathway. Thus, this method enables to efficiently target multiple genes and provide a useful tool to establish mutated cells mimicking human diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)889-895
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume482
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2017

Fingerprint

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Guide RNA
Human Engineering
Transfer RNA
Genes
Cells
Genome
Histone Deacetylases
Mutation
Wnt Signaling Pathway
Sequence Deletion
Gene Deletion
Chemical activation
Efficiency
Enzymes
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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Polycistronic tRNA and CRISPR guide-RNA enables highly efficient multiplexed genome engineering in human cells. / Dong, Fengping; Xie, Kabin; Chen, Yueying; Yang, Yinong; Mao, Yingwei.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 482, No. 4, 22.01.2017, p. 889-895.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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