Polyelectrolyte solution rheology

Shichen Dou, Ralph H. Colby

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The viscosity and relaxation time of polyelectrolyte solutions in high dielectric constant solvents are reported. The effects of polyelectrolyte concentration, polyelectrolyte charge density, solvent dielectric constant, solvent quality and salt concentration are well described by scaling theory. New data are presented for partially quaternized poly(2-vinylpyridine) in ethylene glycol (EG) and N-methyl formamide (NMF). EG and NMF are good solvents for the neutral polymer before quaternization, enabling the effects of polyelectrolyte charge density to be studied over an unusually wide range. EG also can be purified to have an unusually low concentration of salt ion contaminants, allowing dilute solutions of high molecular weight polyelectrolytes to be studied in the low salt limit (whereas this is impossible for all aqueous solutions and solutions in NMF). Hence, the scaling model can be fully tested in EG solutions. After multiple distillations, NMF has even larger quantities of residual salt than distilled water. However, just like aqueous solutions, the rheology of polyelectrolyte solutions in NMF can be understood by identifying the concentration at which the number density of free counterions equals the number density of salt ions. At higher concentrations, the NMF solution viscosity obeys the low-salt scaling predictions and at lower concentrations the viscosity obeys the high-salt predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe XVth International Congress on Rheology - The Society of Rheology 80th Annual Meeting
Pages312-314
Number of pages3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2008
Event15th International Congress on Rheology - Monterey, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2008Aug 8 2008

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1027
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other15th International Congress on Rheology
CountryUnited States
CityMonterey, CA
Period8/3/088/8/08

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Dou, S., & Colby, R. H. (2008). Polyelectrolyte solution rheology. In The XVth International Congress on Rheology - The Society of Rheology 80th Annual Meeting (pp. 312-314). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1027). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2964674