Nanocomposite formation, through the incorporation of high aspect ratio nanoparticles, has been proven to enhance the dielectric properties of thermoplastic polymers, when the mitigation of internal charges and the nature of the interfacial regions are properly adjusted. Here, we explore polyethylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites, and we specifically investigate how to impart desirable dielectric behavior through controlled nanoscale texturing, i.e., through control of the spatial arrangement of the high aspect ratio nanofiller platelets. In particular, it is shown that filler alignment can be used to improve the high electric-field breakdown strength and the recoverable energy density. The origins of the improved high field performance were traced to improved charge-trapping by a synergy of nanofillers and polar maleic anhydride (MAH) groups-introduced via polyethylene-MAH copolymers-as templated by the inorganic nanofillers. Further, it is conclusively demonstrated that the alignment of the two-dimensional nanoparticles has a measurable positive effect on the breakdown strength of the materials and, consequently, on the maximum recoverable energy density.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)