Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface

R. C. Ball, J. F. Marko, T. A. Witten, Scott Thomas Milner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider the equilibrium statistics of polymers grafted to the outside of a cylinder in the limit of high molecular weight for small, fixed grafting density. Under melt conditions, we find the exact self-consistent pressure profile, the chain configurations, and the free energy in closed form. These are qualitatively different from the case of concave or flat surfaces: the free chain ends are excluded from a zone near the surface, whose thickness grows from zero for a flat surface to a fraction 2/π of the layer height for a strongly curved cylinder. Despite these differences, the free energy of the convex layer is very well described by the simpler law for the concave layer, analytically continued to convex curvature, for all but the most extreme curvatures. For a cylindrical layer in a marginal solvent, we reduce the conditions for equilibrium to a linear integral equation describing the exclusion zone. For spherical curvature the analogous equation has a quadratic nonlinearity: we discuss the conditions under which this equation is suitable for describing the spherical layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-703
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecules
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991

Fingerprint

Polymers
Free energy
Integral equations
Molecular weight
Statistics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ball, R. C., Marko, J. F., Witten, T. A., & Milner, S. T. (1991). Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface. Macromolecules, 24(3), 693-703. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00003a011
Ball, R. C. ; Marko, J. F. ; Witten, T. A. ; Milner, Scott Thomas. / Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface. In: Macromolecules. 1991 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 693-703.
@article{5a58ece144ec440199131f42fe72d617,
title = "Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface",
abstract = "We consider the equilibrium statistics of polymers grafted to the outside of a cylinder in the limit of high molecular weight for small, fixed grafting density. Under melt conditions, we find the exact self-consistent pressure profile, the chain configurations, and the free energy in closed form. These are qualitatively different from the case of concave or flat surfaces: the free chain ends are excluded from a zone near the surface, whose thickness grows from zero for a flat surface to a fraction 2/π of the layer height for a strongly curved cylinder. Despite these differences, the free energy of the convex layer is very well described by the simpler law for the concave layer, analytically continued to convex curvature, for all but the most extreme curvatures. For a cylindrical layer in a marginal solvent, we reduce the conditions for equilibrium to a linear integral equation describing the exclusion zone. For spherical curvature the analogous equation has a quadratic nonlinearity: we discuss the conditions under which this equation is suitable for describing the spherical layer.",
author = "Ball, {R. C.} and Marko, {J. F.} and Witten, {T. A.} and Milner, {Scott Thomas}",
year = "1991",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1021/ma00003a011",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "693--703",
journal = "Macromolecules",
issn = "0024-9297",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "3",

}

Ball, RC, Marko, JF, Witten, TA & Milner, ST 1991, 'Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface', Macromolecules, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 693-703. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma00003a011

Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface. / Ball, R. C.; Marko, J. F.; Witten, T. A.; Milner, Scott Thomas.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 24, No. 3, 01.12.1991, p. 693-703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polymers Grafted to a Convex Surface

AU - Ball, R. C.

AU - Marko, J. F.

AU - Witten, T. A.

AU - Milner, Scott Thomas

PY - 1991/12/1

Y1 - 1991/12/1

N2 - We consider the equilibrium statistics of polymers grafted to the outside of a cylinder in the limit of high molecular weight for small, fixed grafting density. Under melt conditions, we find the exact self-consistent pressure profile, the chain configurations, and the free energy in closed form. These are qualitatively different from the case of concave or flat surfaces: the free chain ends are excluded from a zone near the surface, whose thickness grows from zero for a flat surface to a fraction 2/π of the layer height for a strongly curved cylinder. Despite these differences, the free energy of the convex layer is very well described by the simpler law for the concave layer, analytically continued to convex curvature, for all but the most extreme curvatures. For a cylindrical layer in a marginal solvent, we reduce the conditions for equilibrium to a linear integral equation describing the exclusion zone. For spherical curvature the analogous equation has a quadratic nonlinearity: we discuss the conditions under which this equation is suitable for describing the spherical layer.

AB - We consider the equilibrium statistics of polymers grafted to the outside of a cylinder in the limit of high molecular weight for small, fixed grafting density. Under melt conditions, we find the exact self-consistent pressure profile, the chain configurations, and the free energy in closed form. These are qualitatively different from the case of concave or flat surfaces: the free chain ends are excluded from a zone near the surface, whose thickness grows from zero for a flat surface to a fraction 2/π of the layer height for a strongly curved cylinder. Despite these differences, the free energy of the convex layer is very well described by the simpler law for the concave layer, analytically continued to convex curvature, for all but the most extreme curvatures. For a cylindrical layer in a marginal solvent, we reduce the conditions for equilibrium to a linear integral equation describing the exclusion zone. For spherical curvature the analogous equation has a quadratic nonlinearity: we discuss the conditions under which this equation is suitable for describing the spherical layer.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026415659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026415659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ma00003a011

DO - 10.1021/ma00003a011

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0026415659

VL - 24

SP - 693

EP - 703

JO - Macromolecules

JF - Macromolecules

SN - 0024-9297

IS - 3

ER -