Polyolefin-based interpenetrating polymer network absorbent for crude oil entrapment and recovery in aqueous system

Changwoo Nam, Gang Zhang, Tze-chiang Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, a series of different two polyolefin-based interlaced polymer network material was prepared with a semi-crystalline linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE, thermoplastic) and a crosslinked 1-decene/divinylbenzene (1-D/DVB, elastomer) having high crude oil absorption capacity. The prepared absorbents, LLDPE/D/DVB, were characterized by NMR, TEM, contact angle measurement and TGA analysis. It was observed that the mixing ratio of two interlaced polymer network played a crucial role in determining its crude oil absorption capacity. The swelling capacity of absorbent prepared from a 1:1 mixing of LLDPE and D/DVB (0.2 ml) exhibit high removal efficiency in crude oil absorption over 40 g/g at both 25 °C and 0 °C. The removal of the absorbed crude oil from the water surface is effective. As the absorbent made of polyolefin materials have pure hydrocarbon content, offer significant advantages such as high absorption capacity, simple recovery, and recyclability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume351
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2018

Fingerprint

Linear low density polyethylenes
Interpenetrating polymer networks
Polyolefins
Petroleum
crude oil
Polymers
polymer
Crude oil
Recovery
divinyl benzene
Elastomers
Polyethylene
Angle measurement
Hydrocarbons
mixing ratio
swelling
Thermoplastics
Contact angle
Swelling
nuclear magnetic resonance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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abstract = "In this research, a series of different two polyolefin-based interlaced polymer network material was prepared with a semi-crystalline linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE, thermoplastic) and a crosslinked 1-decene/divinylbenzene (1-D/DVB, elastomer) having high crude oil absorption capacity. The prepared absorbents, LLDPE/D/DVB, were characterized by NMR, TEM, contact angle measurement and TGA analysis. It was observed that the mixing ratio of two interlaced polymer network played a crucial role in determining its crude oil absorption capacity. The swelling capacity of absorbent prepared from a 1:1 mixing of LLDPE and D/DVB (0.2 ml) exhibit high removal efficiency in crude oil absorption over 40 g/g at both 25 °C and 0 °C. The removal of the absorbed crude oil from the water surface is effective. As the absorbent made of polyolefin materials have pure hydrocarbon content, offer significant advantages such as high absorption capacity, simple recovery, and recyclability.",
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Polyolefin-based interpenetrating polymer network absorbent for crude oil entrapment and recovery in aqueous system. / Nam, Changwoo; Zhang, Gang; Chung, Tze-chiang.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 351, 05.06.2018, p. 285-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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