Polyols: An alternative sugar platform for conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals

J. Michael Robinson, Caroline E. Burgess, Melissa A. Bently, Chris D. Brasher, Bruce O. Horne, Danny M. Lillard, José M. Macias, Laura D. Marrufo, Hari D. Mandal, Samuel C. Mills, Kevin D. O'Hara, Justin T. Pon, Annette F. Raigoza, Ernesto H. Sanchez, José S. Villarreal, Qian Xiang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyols provide an alternative "sugar platform" for biomass conversion to hydrocarbon fuels, alcohols, chemicals and hydrogen. Polyols are obtained directly from biomass by an "intercepted dilute acid hydrolysis and hydrogenation" (IDAHH), wherein the incipient unstable aldoses are intercepted by catalytic hydrogenation to produce a solution of stable polyols with no detectable phenols. Granular catalyst is retained by a screen and insoluble lignin is simply filtered from the product slurry. Complete conversions are obtained for several biomass types within 3-6 hr at -185 °C with 0.8% H 3PO 4. Minimum cost for polyols ranges from $0.12-0.16/lb.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFeedstocks for the Future
Subtitle of host publicationRenewables for the Production of Chemicals and Materials
EditorsJoseph Bozell, Martin Patel
Pages304-320
Number of pages17
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
Volume921
ISSN (Print)0097-6156

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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