Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) induce hepatic peroxisomal and microsomal fatty acid oxidation and suppress lipogenic gene expression. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) has been implicated as a mediator of fatty acid effects on gene transcription. This report uses the PPARα-deficient mouse to examine the role of PPARα in the PUFA regulation of mRNAs encoding hepatic lipogenic (fatty acid synthase (FAS) and the S14 protein (S14)), microsomal (cytochrome P450 4A2 (CYP4A2)), and peroxisomal (acyl-CoA oxidase (AOX)) enzymes. PUFA ingestion induced mRNA(AOX) (2.3-fold) and mRNA(CYP4A2) (8-fold) and suppressed mRNA(FAS) and mRNA(S14) by ≤80% in wild type mice. In PPARα-deficient mice, PUFA did not induce mRNA(AOX) or mRNA(CYP4A2), indicating a requirement for PPARα in the PUFA-mediated induction of these enzymes. However, PUFA still suppressed mRNA(FAS) and mRNA(S14) in the PPARα-deficient mice. Studies in rats provided additional support for the differential regulation of lipogenic and peroxisomal enzymes by PUFA. These studies provide evidence for two distinct pathways for PUFA control of hepatic lipid metabolism. One requires PPARα and is involved in regulating peroxisomal and microsomal enzymes. The other pathway does not require PPARα and is involved in the PUFA-mediated suppression of lipogenic gene expression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology