The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of porcine IGFBP-3 on IGF-I stimulated DNA synthesis in neonatal porcine skin fibroblasts. IGF-1 stimulated DNA synthesis in skin fibroblasts in a concentration dependent manner. DNA synthesis was maximally stimulated by 5 to 20 fold at 5 nM IGF-I; half-maximal stimulation was observed at approximately 1 nM IGF-I. Co-incubation of IGFBP-3 with a maximally effective dose of IGF-I (10 nM) did not inhibit the stimulatory effects of IGF-I on DNA synthesis. In contrast, when IGFBP-3 at concentrations of 0 to 20 nM was co-incubated with 1 nM IGF-I, a bi-phasic dose response was observed with IGFBP-3 being inhibitory only at a 10 to 20 fold molar excess to IGF-I. Based on the approximately equal molar ratio of IGFBP-3:IGF-I present in the circulation of control and pST-treated pigs our results suggest that IGFBP-3 does not inhibit the mitogenic effects of IGF-I. In summary, these results indicate that the combination of IGFBP-3 with IGF-I optimizes mitogenic signalling via the type I IGF receptor and suggest that IGFBP-3 does not inhibit the effects of ST that are mediated by IGF-I.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology