Pore structure development of in-situ pyrolyzed coals for pollution prevention in iron foundries

He Huang, Yujue Wang, Fred Scott Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A protocol was devised for preparing pyrolyzed coals that could be made in-situ at foundries to capture volatile organic compound (VOC) emission. This pyrolysis created extensive micropore volume in lignite over a broad range of temperature and time; and could use waste heat from cupola exhaust gases by a heat-exchange tube. For foundry application, moderate porous carbon with relatively uniform pores over wide ranges of temperature and time would be more practical than highly porous activated carbon (AC) that requires narrowly-controlled operations. This pyrolysis protocol was developed in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and in a small tube furnace, while using lignite, bituminous coal, and anthracite. The lignite yielded the most pore volume; and this was relatively uniform (0.1-0.13 mL/g of pores) while temperatures were 600-900 °C, and times were 0-60 min. Smaller grain sizes yielded improved porosity; and this corresponded to more release of phenols and naphthalenes from smaller grains, as discerned by TGA-mass spectroscopy (MS). TGA-MS also revealed that improved pore development between 600-800 °C corresponded to the release of CO2 and H2O; and concurrently higher slurry pH linked to less oxygenated functionality. Adsorption of benzene was compared between the in-situ porous carbon and a commercial AC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1183-1191
Number of pages9
JournalFuel processing technology
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Fingerprint

Coal
Lignite
Foundries
Pore structure
Pollution
Iron
Activated carbon
Pyrolysis
Spectroscopy
Carbon
Anthracite
Bituminous coal
Waste heat
Naphthalene
Exhaust gases
Volatile organic compounds
Temperature
Phenols
Benzene
Furnaces

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "A protocol was devised for preparing pyrolyzed coals that could be made in-situ at foundries to capture volatile organic compound (VOC) emission. This pyrolysis created extensive micropore volume in lignite over a broad range of temperature and time; and could use waste heat from cupola exhaust gases by a heat-exchange tube. For foundry application, moderate porous carbon with relatively uniform pores over wide ranges of temperature and time would be more practical than highly porous activated carbon (AC) that requires narrowly-controlled operations. This pyrolysis protocol was developed in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) and in a small tube furnace, while using lignite, bituminous coal, and anthracite. The lignite yielded the most pore volume; and this was relatively uniform (0.1-0.13 mL/g of pores) while temperatures were 600-900 °C, and times were 0-60 min. Smaller grain sizes yielded improved porosity; and this corresponded to more release of phenols and naphthalenes from smaller grains, as discerned by TGA-mass spectroscopy (MS). TGA-MS also revealed that improved pore development between 600-800 °C corresponded to the release of CO2 and H2O; and concurrently higher slurry pH linked to less oxygenated functionality. Adsorption of benzene was compared between the in-situ porous carbon and a commercial AC.",
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Pore structure development of in-situ pyrolyzed coals for pollution prevention in iron foundries. / Huang, He; Wang, Yujue; Cannon, Fred Scott.

In: Fuel processing technology, Vol. 90, No. 9, 01.09.2009, p. 1183-1191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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