Porous platinum nanotubes for oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions

Shaun M. Alia, Gang Zhang, David Kisailus, Dongsheng Li, Shuang Gu, Kurt Jensen, Yushan Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

210 Scopus citations

Abstract

Porous platinum nanotubes (PtNTs) with a all thickness of 5 nm, an outer diameter of 60 nm, and a length of 520 μm are synthesized by galvanic displacement with silver nanowires, which are formed by the ethylene glycol reduction of silver nitrate. Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and durability experiments are conducted for PtNTs, Pt nanoparticles supported on carbon (Pt/C), and bulk polycrystalline Pt (BP-Pt) electrocatalysts to evaluate their catalytic properties for use as cathode catalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. PtNTs demonstrate improved mass and specific activity for ORR and durability to Pt/C. Following durability testing, PtNTs exhibit specific ORR activity approaching that of BP-Pt. Catalyst activity for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) is characterized through cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry techniques to evaluate the materials for use as anode catalysts in direct methanol fuel cells. The PtNTs show improved specific activity for MOR and chronoamperometry characteristics over Pt/C and BP-Pt catalysts. This study focuses on the use of porous platinum nanotubes (PtNTs) with a thickness of 5 nm, an outer diameter of 60 nm, and a length of 520 μm as fuel cell catalysts. PtNTs demonstrate higher mass and specific activity for oxygen reduction and durability than the conventional platinum supported on carbon catalyst (Pt/C). PtNTs further illustrate greater specific activity and poison resistance for methanol oxidation than Pt/C and bulk platinum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3742-3746
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume20
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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  • Cite this

    Alia, S. M., Zhang, G., Kisailus, D., Li, D., Gu, S., Jensen, K., & Yan, Y. (2010). Porous platinum nanotubes for oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions. Advanced Functional Materials, 20(21), 3742-3746. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201001035