Posttraumatic stress disorder and partner-specific social cognition

A pilot study of sex differences in the impact of arginine vasopressin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with problems in intimate relationships, partly due to deficits in social cognition. In this study, the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the link between PTSD and partner-specific social cognition was examined. Participants were 24 individuals from 12 heterosexual couples in which at least one partner exhibited clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Attention to partner expressions of anger was examined as an indicator of distress and need for affiliative behaviors to repair the relationship bond. AVP administration improved the speed of men's attentional engagement with their partners' expressions of anger and alleviated the negative impact of PTSD on this social cognitive process. Further, men's morning urinary AVP levels were negatively correlated with their PTSD severity. No such effects were found among women or for attention to unfamiliar men's or women's anger expressions. Thus, the AVP system may function in the relationship problems associated with PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-303
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Fingerprint

Arginine Vasopressin
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Sex Characteristics
Cognition
Anger
Heterosexuality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

@article{426e551fb25a4378a94be1735d9a5a53,
title = "Posttraumatic stress disorder and partner-specific social cognition: A pilot study of sex differences in the impact of arginine vasopressin",
abstract = "Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with problems in intimate relationships, partly due to deficits in social cognition. In this study, the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the link between PTSD and partner-specific social cognition was examined. Participants were 24 individuals from 12 heterosexual couples in which at least one partner exhibited clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Attention to partner expressions of anger was examined as an indicator of distress and need for affiliative behaviors to repair the relationship bond. AVP administration improved the speed of men's attentional engagement with their partners' expressions of anger and alleviated the negative impact of PTSD on this social cognitive process. Further, men's morning urinary AVP levels were negatively correlated with their PTSD severity. No such effects were found among women or for attention to unfamiliar men's or women's anger expressions. Thus, the AVP system may function in the relationship problems associated with PTSD.",
author = "Marshall, {Amy Dyanna}",
year = "2013",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.02.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "93",
pages = "296--303",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0019-493X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Posttraumatic stress disorder and partner-specific social cognition

T2 - A pilot study of sex differences in the impact of arginine vasopressin

AU - Marshall, Amy Dyanna

PY - 2013/5/1

Y1 - 2013/5/1

N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with problems in intimate relationships, partly due to deficits in social cognition. In this study, the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the link between PTSD and partner-specific social cognition was examined. Participants were 24 individuals from 12 heterosexual couples in which at least one partner exhibited clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Attention to partner expressions of anger was examined as an indicator of distress and need for affiliative behaviors to repair the relationship bond. AVP administration improved the speed of men's attentional engagement with their partners' expressions of anger and alleviated the negative impact of PTSD on this social cognitive process. Further, men's morning urinary AVP levels were negatively correlated with their PTSD severity. No such effects were found among women or for attention to unfamiliar men's or women's anger expressions. Thus, the AVP system may function in the relationship problems associated with PTSD.

AB - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with problems in intimate relationships, partly due to deficits in social cognition. In this study, the role of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the link between PTSD and partner-specific social cognition was examined. Participants were 24 individuals from 12 heterosexual couples in which at least one partner exhibited clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Attention to partner expressions of anger was examined as an indicator of distress and need for affiliative behaviors to repair the relationship bond. AVP administration improved the speed of men's attentional engagement with their partners' expressions of anger and alleviated the negative impact of PTSD on this social cognitive process. Further, men's morning urinary AVP levels were negatively correlated with their PTSD severity. No such effects were found among women or for attention to unfamiliar men's or women's anger expressions. Thus, the AVP system may function in the relationship problems associated with PTSD.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876339777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876339777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.02.014

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.02.014

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 296

EP - 303

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0019-493X

IS - 2

ER -