Postweld heat treatment cracking in chromium molybdenum steels

C. D. Lundin, J. A. Henning, R. Menon, Judith Todd Copley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The postweld heat treatment (PWHT) cracking susceptibility of standard and modified 2 1/4 Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1 and 1 1/2 Mo steels has been investigated. The modified steels tested include three heats of 3Cr-1 1/2 Mo-0.1V, a heat of 3Cr-1 1/2 Mo- 1/2 Ni and a heat each of V-Ti-B modified 2 1/4 Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1Mo. Tests used to evaluate PWHT cracking susceptibility were Gleeble simulation and a 'C-Ring' test adapted from that described in ASTM G-38 (used to evaluate stress corrosion cracking susceptibility). Transmission electron microscopy of carbide extraction replicas leads to the general conclusion that elements (such as V, Si) that contribute to the stability of coherent matrix precipitates of the MC, M2C or M4C3 type lead to enhanced susceptibility of PWHT cracking. The presence of elements such as nickel that will drive the precipitation process faster towards equilibrium, reduces susceptibility to PWHT cracking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalWelding Research Council Bulletin
Issue number349
StatePublished - Dec 1989

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Molybdenum
Chromium
Heat treatment
Steel
Stress corrosion cracking
Carbides
Precipitates
Nickel
Transmission electron microscopy
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lundin, C. D. ; Henning, J. A. ; Menon, R. ; Todd Copley, Judith. / Postweld heat treatment cracking in chromium molybdenum steels. In: Welding Research Council Bulletin. 1989 ; No. 349. pp. 1-21.
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Postweld heat treatment cracking in chromium molybdenum steels. / Lundin, C. D.; Henning, J. A.; Menon, R.; Todd Copley, Judith.

In: Welding Research Council Bulletin, No. 349, 12.1989, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lundin, C. D.

AU - Henning, J. A.

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AB - The postweld heat treatment (PWHT) cracking susceptibility of standard and modified 2 1/4 Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1 and 1 1/2 Mo steels has been investigated. The modified steels tested include three heats of 3Cr-1 1/2 Mo-0.1V, a heat of 3Cr-1 1/2 Mo- 1/2 Ni and a heat each of V-Ti-B modified 2 1/4 Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1Mo. Tests used to evaluate PWHT cracking susceptibility were Gleeble simulation and a 'C-Ring' test adapted from that described in ASTM G-38 (used to evaluate stress corrosion cracking susceptibility). Transmission electron microscopy of carbide extraction replicas leads to the general conclusion that elements (such as V, Si) that contribute to the stability of coherent matrix precipitates of the MC, M2C or M4C3 type lead to enhanced susceptibility of PWHT cracking. The presence of elements such as nickel that will drive the precipitation process faster towards equilibrium, reduces susceptibility to PWHT cracking.

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