Ovine IFN-τ is a newly described protein related to IFN-α that is responsible for maternal recognition of pregnancy in sheep. It has been shown to exhibit potent antiviral and antiproliferative activity. To determine its antiviral activity against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and HIV, the activity of the RNA-dependent DNA polymerase, reverse transcriptase, was assayed in FIV- and HIV-infected feline and human PBL treated with IFN-τ. Significant dose-dependent inhibition of reverse transcriptase activity by IFN-τ was detected by day 6 of culture and was maintained through the peak of virus replication. In addition, production of the FIV core protein, p25, was blocked by IFN-τ. Both the amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions of IFN-τ, as identified by synthetic peptides, appear to be involved in its antiretroviral activity. Comparison of the anti-HIV activities of IFN-τ and recombinant human IFN-α2 (rHuIFN-α2) indicated that while rHuIFN-α2 was toxic to cells at 10,000 U/ml, IFN-τ antiretroviral activity was not associated with a decrease in either cell viability or immunologic reactivity. Thus, IFN-τ displayed potent anti-FIV and anti-HIV activity without the cytotoxicity associated with high concentrations of rHuIFN-α2.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - May 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy