Potential explanations for the inhibition and acceleration of phenol SCWO by water

Jeffrey T. Henrikson, Phillip E. Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper offers potential explanations for the inhibition and acceleration by water of phenol supercritical water oxidation rates. We report new experimental data at 380-465 °C that reveals the effect of water density on the oxidation reaction. At 380 and 400 °C, increasing the water density increases phenol conversion. At 442 and 465 °C, the phenol conversion decreases as water concentration increases from 2 to 9 mol/L. At 420 °C, the phenol conversion decreases as water density increases from 2 to 8 mol/L, but conversion increases as water density increases from 8 to 13 mol/L. We present new data and analyses showing that ion-ion reactions are not responsible for the observed effects. These effects are, however, quantitatively consistent with a model based on the existence of two competing rate-determining steps. In one possible scenario, one step has an increase in polarity along the reaction coordinate and the other has a decrease. It is also plausible that diffusion limitations at high temperatures and the increase in the dissociation of phenol into phenolate ions may play a part in water's effect on phenol SCWO kinetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4841-4847
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume43
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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