Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions

Serguei Lvov, H. Gao, D. Kouznetsov, I. Balachov, D. D. Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An operational electrochemical thermocell is proposed for potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. The thermocell consists of the silver-silver chloride flow-through external pressure-balanced reference electrode (FTEPBRE) and the flow-through platinum-hydrogen pH sensor. Using this thermocell we have measured the potentials of the thermocell fora few HC1(aq) and NaOH(aq) solutions of different concentrations and derived the corresponding pH differences (ΔpH) over a wide range of temperatures from 25 to 400°C at pressures between 27.5 and 33.8 MPa. Comparison of the experimentally derived and theoretically calculated ΔpH values clearly demonstrates an ability of the thermocell to measure pH with accuracy better than ±0.1 units, and this result in turn demonstrates the viability of the FTEPBRE as a versatile reference electrode for use at high subcritical and supercritical temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-523
Number of pages9
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume150
Issue number151
StatePublished - Sep 1 1998
EventProceedings of the 1997 13th Symposium on Thermophysical Properties - Boulder, CO, USA
Duration: Jun 22 1997Jun 27 1997

Fingerprint

aqueous solutions
Electrodes
Silver
pH sensors
Platinum
electrodes
Hydrogen
silver chlorides
Temperature
viability
platinum
silver
temperature
sensors
hydrogen
silver chloride

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Lvov, S., Gao, H., Kouznetsov, D., Balachov, I., & Macdonald, D. D. (1998). Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 150(151), 515-523.
Lvov, Serguei ; Gao, H. ; Kouznetsov, D. ; Balachov, I. ; Macdonald, D. D. / Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. In: Fluid Phase Equilibria. 1998 ; Vol. 150, No. 151. pp. 515-523.
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Lvov, S, Gao, H, Kouznetsov, D, Balachov, I & Macdonald, DD 1998, 'Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions', Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 150, no. 151, pp. 515-523.

Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. / Lvov, Serguei; Gao, H.; Kouznetsov, D.; Balachov, I.; Macdonald, D. D.

In: Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 150, No. 151, 01.09.1998, p. 515-523.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions

AU - Lvov, Serguei

AU - Gao, H.

AU - Kouznetsov, D.

AU - Balachov, I.

AU - Macdonald, D. D.

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N2 - An operational electrochemical thermocell is proposed for potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. The thermocell consists of the silver-silver chloride flow-through external pressure-balanced reference electrode (FTEPBRE) and the flow-through platinum-hydrogen pH sensor. Using this thermocell we have measured the potentials of the thermocell fora few HC1(aq) and NaOH(aq) solutions of different concentrations and derived the corresponding pH differences (ΔpH) over a wide range of temperatures from 25 to 400°C at pressures between 27.5 and 33.8 MPa. Comparison of the experimentally derived and theoretically calculated ΔpH values clearly demonstrates an ability of the thermocell to measure pH with accuracy better than ±0.1 units, and this result in turn demonstrates the viability of the FTEPBRE as a versatile reference electrode for use at high subcritical and supercritical temperatures.

AB - An operational electrochemical thermocell is proposed for potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. The thermocell consists of the silver-silver chloride flow-through external pressure-balanced reference electrode (FTEPBRE) and the flow-through platinum-hydrogen pH sensor. Using this thermocell we have measured the potentials of the thermocell fora few HC1(aq) and NaOH(aq) solutions of different concentrations and derived the corresponding pH differences (ΔpH) over a wide range of temperatures from 25 to 400°C at pressures between 27.5 and 33.8 MPa. Comparison of the experimentally derived and theoretically calculated ΔpH values clearly demonstrates an ability of the thermocell to measure pH with accuracy better than ±0.1 units, and this result in turn demonstrates the viability of the FTEPBRE as a versatile reference electrode for use at high subcritical and supercritical temperatures.

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Lvov S, Gao H, Kouznetsov D, Balachov I, Macdonald DD. Potentiometric pH measurements in high subcritical and supercritical aqueous solutions. Fluid Phase Equilibria. 1998 Sep 1;150(151):515-523.