Poverty among working families: New insights from an improved poverty measure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. This article examines poverty among working families with children using a refined experimental poverty measure based on recommendations by the National Academy of Sciences Panel on Poverty and Family Assistance. Methods. Using data from the 1998 Current Population Survey, this research constructs an experimental poverty measure that takes into account noncash government benefits as well as job-related expenses, elements not included in the current official measure of family income. Results. We find that current statistics based on the official poverty line understate the extent of economic hardship, particularly among full-time working families with children, because expenses, such as child care costs, tend to outweigh noncash benefits, such as food stamps, that these families may receive. Furthermore, without the recent expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit, poverty among full-time working families would be even higher. Conclusions. These findings highlight challenges faced by many families, especially those with adults moving off welfare and into the labor market.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-267
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Science Quarterly
Volume82
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001

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poverty
earned income
Academy of Sciences
income tax
survey research
family income
child care
credit
labor market
assistance
welfare
statistics
food
costs
economics
time

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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Poverty among working families : New insights from an improved poverty measure. / Iceland, John David; Kim, Josh.

In: Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 2, 01.06.2001, p. 252-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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