We propose an optimization-based powerconstrained red-green-blue (RGB)-to-red-green-blue- white (RGBW) conversion algorithm for emissive RGBW displays. We measure the perceived color distortion using a color difference model in a perceptually uniform color space and compute the power consumption for displaying an RGBW pixel on an emissive display. The central contribution of this paper is to formulate the optimization problem to minimize the color distortion subject to a constraint on the power consumption. Subsequently, we solve the optimization problem efficiently to convert an image in real time. Furthermore based on the properties of the human visual system, we extend the proposed algorithm to image-dependent conversion that can preserve spatial detail in an input image. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm provides a significantly less color distortion than the conventional methods, while providing a graceful tradeoff with the amount of power consumed. Specifically it is shown that the power consumption can be reduced by up to 20%, while providing about 50% less color distortion than the conventional algorithms. In addition a subjective evaluation on a real RGBW display is performed, which reveals the merits of the proposed image-dependent conversion for improving the perceptual quality over state-of-the-art techniques.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology|
|State||Published - Oct 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Media Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering