We simulate gamma-ray bursts arising from internal shocks in relativistic winds, calculate their power density spectrum (PDS), and identify the factors to which the PDS is most sensitive: the wind ejection features, which determine the wind dynamics and its optical thickness, and the energy release parameters, which give the pulse 50-300 keV radiative efficiency. We found that the upper limit on the efficiency of conversion of wind kinetic energy into 50-300 keV photons is ∼1%. Winds with a modulated Lorentz factor distribution of the ejecta yield PDSs that exhibit a -5/3 power law up to ∼1 Hz and have efficiencies ∼10-3, while winds with a random, uniform Lorentz factor ejection must be optically thick to the short-duration pulses to yield the same PDS features and have an overall efficiency around 10-4.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science