Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach

Jonathan Bednar, Mitchell Lebold, Karl Martin Reichard, Scott Pflumm, Jeffrey Banks, Kenneth Fischer, Joseph Stempnik

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This report documents the investigation of fuel injector fault detection methods for a seven liter diesel engine. This effort was conducted for the Tank Automotive Research Development Engineering Center (TARDEC) Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) team. The task of this investigation was to develop algorithms capable of real-time detection of injector misfire events. The purpose of this task was to enable TARDEC's Engine Control Management (ECM) research and development efforts to evaluate the technical feasibility of integrating automated on-board condition monitoring algorithms with future ECM monitoring and control operations. During this investigation, it has been shown that multiple techniques can correctly detect and identify injector cylinder misfiring. Each individual technique has its own advantages, and this investigation focused on signal processing methods that would be suitable for embedding in an engine controller or processor. The list below includes six injector fault analysis approaches that were evaluated for this effort : 1. Injector signal analysis. 2. Cylinder head vibration analysis. 3. Crankshaft speed analysis in time domain. 4. Crankshaft speed analysis in order domain. 5. FFT classifier selection technique. 6. Time domain classification technique. This paper only highlights the crankshaft speed order domain technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 21 2012
EventPrognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012 - Dayton, OH, United States
Duration: Apr 24 2012Apr 26 2012

Other

OtherPrognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012
CountryUnited States
CityDayton, OH
Period4/24/124/26/12

Fingerprint

Vibration
Research
Head
Maintenance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Bednar, J., Lebold, M., Reichard, K. M., Pflumm, S., Banks, J., Fischer, K., & Stempnik, J. (2012). Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach. Paper presented at Prognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012, Dayton, OH, United States.
Bednar, Jonathan ; Lebold, Mitchell ; Reichard, Karl Martin ; Pflumm, Scott ; Banks, Jeffrey ; Fischer, Kenneth ; Stempnik, Joseph. / Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach. Paper presented at Prognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012, Dayton, OH, United States.
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abstract = "This report documents the investigation of fuel injector fault detection methods for a seven liter diesel engine. This effort was conducted for the Tank Automotive Research Development Engineering Center (TARDEC) Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) team. The task of this investigation was to develop algorithms capable of real-time detection of injector misfire events. The purpose of this task was to enable TARDEC's Engine Control Management (ECM) research and development efforts to evaluate the technical feasibility of integrating automated on-board condition monitoring algorithms with future ECM monitoring and control operations. During this investigation, it has been shown that multiple techniques can correctly detect and identify injector cylinder misfiring. Each individual technique has its own advantages, and this investigation focused on signal processing methods that would be suitable for embedding in an engine controller or processor. The list below includes six injector fault analysis approaches that were evaluated for this effort : 1. Injector signal analysis. 2. Cylinder head vibration analysis. 3. Crankshaft speed analysis in time domain. 4. Crankshaft speed analysis in order domain. 5. FFT classifier selection technique. 6. Time domain classification technique. This paper only highlights the crankshaft speed order domain technique.",
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Bednar, J, Lebold, M, Reichard, KM, Pflumm, S, Banks, J, Fischer, K & Stempnik, J 2012, 'Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach' Paper presented at Prognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012, Dayton, OH, United States, 4/24/12 - 4/26/12, .

Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach. / Bednar, Jonathan; Lebold, Mitchell; Reichard, Karl Martin; Pflumm, Scott; Banks, Jeffrey; Fischer, Kenneth; Stempnik, Joseph.

2012. Paper presented at Prognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012, Dayton, OH, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach

AU - Bednar, Jonathan

AU - Lebold, Mitchell

AU - Reichard, Karl Martin

AU - Pflumm, Scott

AU - Banks, Jeffrey

AU - Fischer, Kenneth

AU - Stempnik, Joseph

PY - 2012/12/21

Y1 - 2012/12/21

N2 - This report documents the investigation of fuel injector fault detection methods for a seven liter diesel engine. This effort was conducted for the Tank Automotive Research Development Engineering Center (TARDEC) Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) team. The task of this investigation was to develop algorithms capable of real-time detection of injector misfire events. The purpose of this task was to enable TARDEC's Engine Control Management (ECM) research and development efforts to evaluate the technical feasibility of integrating automated on-board condition monitoring algorithms with future ECM monitoring and control operations. During this investigation, it has been shown that multiple techniques can correctly detect and identify injector cylinder misfiring. Each individual technique has its own advantages, and this investigation focused on signal processing methods that would be suitable for embedding in an engine controller or processor. The list below includes six injector fault analysis approaches that were evaluated for this effort : 1. Injector signal analysis. 2. Cylinder head vibration analysis. 3. Crankshaft speed analysis in time domain. 4. Crankshaft speed analysis in order domain. 5. FFT classifier selection technique. 6. Time domain classification technique. This paper only highlights the crankshaft speed order domain technique.

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M3 - Paper

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Bednar J, Lebold M, Reichard KM, Pflumm S, Banks J, Fischer K et al. Powertrain diagnostics - Part 2 - Detecting injector deactivation failure modes in diesel engines using a crankshaft speed order domain approach. 2012. Paper presented at Prognostics and Health Management Solutions Conference - PHM: Driving Efficient Operations and Maintenance, MFPT 2012, Dayton, OH, United States.