Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), overexpressed in inflammatory conditions and cancer, regulates angiogenesis and tumorigenesis via the production of biologically active prostanoids. Previously, we showed that COX-2 over-expression in the mammary gland of transgenic mice induces an angiogenic switch and transforms the mammary epithelium into invasive mammary carcinoma. Since COX-2-derived prostanoids can activate the nuclear receptor PPARδ, we crossed Pparδ -/- mice with COX-2 transgenic mice in the FVB/N background. PPARδ was expressed constitutively in the mammary gland of virgin, pregnant and lactating mice. Mammary hyperplasia and tumorigenesis in the COX-2 transgenic mice was markedly reduced in the Pparδ -/- mice compared to their wild type counterparts. Analysis of the mammary tissues indicated that immunoreactive Ki-67, cyclin D1 and phosphorylated histone 3 (Phospho H3) were reduced in Pparδ -/- mice, suggesting that PPARδ activation regulates cell proliferation in the mammary gland. We postulate that activation of the nuclear receptor PPARδ by COX-2-derived prostanoids may be involved in the proliferation of mammary epithelial cells and therefore contribute to mammary cancer development.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology