Practical private shortest path computation based on Oblivious Storage

Dong Xie, Guanru Li, Bin Yao, Xuan Wei, Xiaokui Xiao, Yunjun Gao, Minyi Guo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As location-based services (LBSs) become popular, location-dependent queries have raised serious privacy concerns since they may disclose sensitive information in query processing. Among typical queries supported by LBSs, shortest path queries may reveal information about not only current locations of the clients, but also their potential destinations and travel plans. Unfortunately, existing methods for private shortest path computation suffer from issues of weak privacy property, low performance or poor scalability. In this paper, we aim at a strong privacy guarantee, where the adversary cannot infer almost any information about the queries, with better performance and scalability. To achieve this goal, we introduce a general system model based on the concept of Oblivious Storage (OS), which can deal with queries requiring strong privacy properties. Furthermore, we propose a new oblivious shuffle algorithm to optimize an existing OS scheme. By making trade-offs between query performance, scalability and privacy properties, we design different schemes for private shortest path computation. Eventually, we comprehensively evaluate our schemes upon real road networks in a practical environment and show their efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE 32nd International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages361-372
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781509020195
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2016
Event32nd IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2016 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: May 16 2016May 20 2016

Publication series

Name2016 IEEE 32nd International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2016

Other

Other32nd IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE 2016
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period5/16/165/20/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management

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