The implementation of whole-genome sequencing in food safety has revolutionized foodborne pathogen tracking and outbreak investigations. The vast amounts of genomic data that are being produced through ongoing surveillance efforts continue advancing our understanding of pathogen diversity and genome biology. Produced genomic data are also supporting the use of metagenomics and metatranscriptomics for detection and functional characterization of microbiological hazards in foods and food processing environments. In addition to that, many studies have shown that metabolic and pathogenic potential, antimicrobial resistance, and other phenotypes relevant to food safety can be predicted from whole-genome sequences, omitting the need for multiple laboratory tests. Nevertheless, further work in the area of functional inference is necessary to enable accurate interpretation of functional information inferred from genomic and metagenomic data, as well as real-time detection and tracking of high-risk pathogen subtypes and microbiomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications