Predicting elementary teachers’ efforts to manage social dynamics from classroom composition, teacher characteristics, and the early year peer ecology

Summer S. Braun, Kathleen M. Zadzora, Aaron M. Miller, Scott D. Gest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Teachers’ efforts to manage classroom social dynamics are associated with students’ social and academic adjustment, but the determinants of teachers’ use of social dynamics management strategies have remained unexplored. Multiple potential determinants of strategy use were examined in a study of 164 teachers and their 2986 students in 164 1st, 3rd, and 5th grade classrooms. Teachers who employed more of these strategies were: female, rated by observers as emotionally supportive, expressed compassion for withdrawn students, perceived a more positive classroom social climate, and had students who reported more negative peer relations. Results suggest that teachers’ personal characteristics influence their strategy use. In addition, results suggest that teachers’ strategy use may be a response to the immediate peer ecology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-817
Number of pages23
JournalSocial Psychology of Education
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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