Predicting evacuation in two major disasters: Risk perception, social influence, and access to resources

Jasmin K. Riad, Fran H. Norris, Richard Barry Ruback

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

189 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The complex and somewhat bewildering phenomenon of why people sometimes decide not to evacuate from a dangerous situation is influenced by a combination of individual characteristics and 3 basic social psychological processes: (a) risk perception, (b) social influence, and (c) access to resources. This study used a combined sample of 777 adults interviewed after Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew. Although numerous variables significantly predicted evacuation, much variance in this behavior still remained unexplained. Different population subgroups gave different reasons for not evacuating (e.g., severeness of storm, territoriality). A multifaceted and tailored approach to both individuals and communities is needed; a simple warning is often not enough. 1 This research was supported by Grant No. 2 RO1 MH45069 from the Violence and Traumatic Stress Research Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health, Fran H. Norris, Principal Investigator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-934
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Social Perception
Disasters
Territoriality
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Cyclonic Storms
Research
Violence
Research Personnel
Psychology
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

@article{9f67271122554289aea5afe0bbe6525a,
title = "Predicting evacuation in two major disasters: Risk perception, social influence, and access to resources",
abstract = "The complex and somewhat bewildering phenomenon of why people sometimes decide not to evacuate from a dangerous situation is influenced by a combination of individual characteristics and 3 basic social psychological processes: (a) risk perception, (b) social influence, and (c) access to resources. This study used a combined sample of 777 adults interviewed after Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew. Although numerous variables significantly predicted evacuation, much variance in this behavior still remained unexplained. Different population subgroups gave different reasons for not evacuating (e.g., severeness of storm, territoriality). A multifaceted and tailored approach to both individuals and communities is needed; a simple warning is often not enough. 1 This research was supported by Grant No. 2 RO1 MH45069 from the Violence and Traumatic Stress Research Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health, Fran H. Norris, Principal Investigator.",
author = "Riad, {Jasmin K.} and Norris, {Fran H.} and Ruback, {Richard Barry}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00132.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "918--934",
journal = "Journal of Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0021-9029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

Predicting evacuation in two major disasters : Risk perception, social influence, and access to resources. / Riad, Jasmin K.; Norris, Fran H.; Ruback, Richard Barry.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 5, 01.01.1999, p. 918-934.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting evacuation in two major disasters

T2 - Risk perception, social influence, and access to resources

AU - Riad, Jasmin K.

AU - Norris, Fran H.

AU - Ruback, Richard Barry

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - The complex and somewhat bewildering phenomenon of why people sometimes decide not to evacuate from a dangerous situation is influenced by a combination of individual characteristics and 3 basic social psychological processes: (a) risk perception, (b) social influence, and (c) access to resources. This study used a combined sample of 777 adults interviewed after Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew. Although numerous variables significantly predicted evacuation, much variance in this behavior still remained unexplained. Different population subgroups gave different reasons for not evacuating (e.g., severeness of storm, territoriality). A multifaceted and tailored approach to both individuals and communities is needed; a simple warning is often not enough. 1 This research was supported by Grant No. 2 RO1 MH45069 from the Violence and Traumatic Stress Research Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health, Fran H. Norris, Principal Investigator.

AB - The complex and somewhat bewildering phenomenon of why people sometimes decide not to evacuate from a dangerous situation is influenced by a combination of individual characteristics and 3 basic social psychological processes: (a) risk perception, (b) social influence, and (c) access to resources. This study used a combined sample of 777 adults interviewed after Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew. Although numerous variables significantly predicted evacuation, much variance in this behavior still remained unexplained. Different population subgroups gave different reasons for not evacuating (e.g., severeness of storm, territoriality). A multifaceted and tailored approach to both individuals and communities is needed; a simple warning is often not enough. 1 This research was supported by Grant No. 2 RO1 MH45069 from the Violence and Traumatic Stress Research Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health, Fran H. Norris, Principal Investigator.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033121340&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033121340&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00132.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00132.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033121340

VL - 29

SP - 918

EP - 934

JO - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0021-9029

IS - 5

ER -