Nonoperative treatment for midportion Achilles tendinosis is well defined by the literature. Multiple modalities are described for the management of insertional Achilles pathology, but no consensus exists regarding efficacy. Surgical intervention for insertional Achilles tendinosis (IAT) is successful greater than 80% of the time. Our objective was to risk stratify patients who would fail nonsurgical management of IAT and thus benefit progressing to surgery. We reviewed the records of 664 patients with IAT. The cohort was 53% male and 80% obese. Mean age was 53.7 years (standard deviation 14.7 years). Average duration of symptoms was 10.4 months (standard deviation 28 months). Of the parameters collected, 4 were found to correlate with failing nonoperative treatment: visual analog scale, limited ankle range of motion, previous corticosteroid injection, and presence of Achilles tendon enthesophyte. We found that as the number of risk factors increased so did the chance of failing nonoperative treatment. With all 4 parameters, chance of failing conservative treatment was only 55%. Thus, nonoperative management should be exhausted until surgery is the only remaining option. However, the presence of one of the aforementioned risk factors can aid a surgeon in the decision to pursue surgery in the appropriate clinical scenario. Levels of Evidence: Level IV: Retrospective Case series.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine