Predicting LD on the basis of motivation, metacognition, and psychopathology

An ROC analysis

Georgios D. Sideridis, Paul Morgan, George Botsas, Susana Padeliadu, Douglas Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined how strongly motivation, metacognition, and psychopathology acted as predictors of learning disabilities (LD). The results from five studies suggested that level of motivation (as shown through self-efficacy, motivational force, task avoidance, goal commitment, or self-concept) was highly accurate in classifying students with or at risk for LD. Metacognition and psychopathology were also strong predictors. Classification accuracy using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves ranged between 77% and 96%. These rates were much higher than the chance-level (i.e., 50%-55%) rates sometimes yielded by cognitive indices. Linear discriminant function (LDF) analysis substantiated classification accuracy. These results suggest that motivation, metacognition, and psychopathology are strong predictors of LD. Understanding the influence of these characteristics may help researchers and practitioners more accurately screen and treat students with LD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of learning disabilities
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Learning Disorders
psychopathology
Psychopathology
learning disability
ROC Curve
Motivation
recipient
Students
Discriminant Analysis
Advisory Committees
Self Efficacy
self-concept
Self Concept
self-efficacy
student
Research Personnel
commitment
Metacognition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Sideridis, Georgios D. ; Morgan, Paul ; Botsas, George ; Padeliadu, Susana ; Fuchs, Douglas. / Predicting LD on the basis of motivation, metacognition, and psychopathology : An ROC analysis. In: Journal of learning disabilities. 2006 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 215-229.
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Predicting LD on the basis of motivation, metacognition, and psychopathology : An ROC analysis. / Sideridis, Georgios D.; Morgan, Paul; Botsas, George; Padeliadu, Susana; Fuchs, Douglas.

In: Journal of learning disabilities, Vol. 39, No. 3, 01.01.2006, p. 215-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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