Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer

Suman Basu, Chao-yang Wang, Ken S. Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Water and heat are produced in the cathode catalyst layer of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) due to the oxygen-reduction reaction. Efficient water removal from the gas diffusion layer (GDL) to the flow channel is critical to achieve high and stable PEFC performance. Water transport and removal strongly depend on local temperature because the saturation concentration of water vapor rises rapidly with temperature, particularly in the temperature range of practical interest to PEFC applications. Detailed investigations of two-phase flow in the GDL have been reported in the literature, but not on the rate of phase change - either from liquid to vapor as in the case of evaporation or from vapor to liquid as in the case of condensation. In the present work, a two-phase, non-isothermal numerical model is used to elucidate the phase-change rate inside the cathode GDL of a PEFC. Results computed from our model enable a basic understanding of the phase-change processes occurring in a PEFC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology
Pages715-722
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Jun 16 2008Jun 18 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology

Other

Other6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period6/16/086/18/08

Fingerprint

Diffusion in gases
Fuel cells
Electrolytes
Polymers
Cathodes
Vapors
Water
Liquids
Channel flow
Two phase flow
Temperature
Water vapor
Numerical models
Condensation
Evaporation
Catalysts
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Basu, S., Wang, C., & Chen, K. S. (2008). Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology (pp. 715-722). (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology). https://doi.org/10.1115/FuelCell2008-65015
Basu, Suman ; Wang, Chao-yang ; Chen, Ken S. / Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology. 2008. pp. 715-722 (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology).
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Basu, S, Wang, C & Chen, KS 2008, Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer. in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology, pp. 715-722, 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology, Denver, CO, United States, 6/16/08. https://doi.org/10.1115/FuelCell2008-65015

Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer. / Basu, Suman; Wang, Chao-yang; Chen, Ken S.

Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology. 2008. p. 715-722 (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Basu S, Wang C, Chen KS. Predicting phase-change rate in PEFC gas diffusion layer. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology. 2008. p. 715-722. (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology). https://doi.org/10.1115/FuelCell2008-65015