Predicting phase transformation kinetics during metal additive manufacturing using non-isothermal Johnson-Mehl-Avrami models: Application to Inconel 718 and Ti-6Al-4V

Kevin McNamara, Yanzhou Ji, Frederick Lia, Patcharapit Promoppatum, Shi Chune Yao, Hongling Zhou, Yi Wang, Long Qing Chen, Richard Martukanitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A computational model was developed to predict solid-state phase transformation kinetics within mechanical parts during metal additive manufacturing processes. This model is a modified version of the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model for non-isothermal phase transformations that can be applied to various material systems undergoing solid-state phase transformations. Using the thermal history of an additive manufacturing fabricated mechanical part, along with the necessary thermodynamic data and kinetic information as inputs, the model outputs the history of phase fraction evolution during the build process. The model was applied to an Inconel 718 part built by powder bed fusion and a Ti-6Al-4V part built by directed energy deposition. Microstructure characterization and mechanical testing were performed for the validation of the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102478
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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