The Geosynthetic Reinforced Soil Integrated Bridge System (GRS-IBS), which consists of closely-spaced layers of geosynthetic reinforcement and compacted granular fill material, is a fast, sustainable and cost-effective method for bridge support. The in-service performance of this innovative bridge support system is largely evaluated through the vertical and horizontal deformations of the GRS abutments. This paper presents the development of nonlinear equations for estimating the maximum lateral displacement and settlement of GRS abutments. The parameters that are considered in the prediction equations include abutment geometry (height, facing batter and foundation width), backfill friction angle, reinforcement characteristics (stiffness, spacing, and length), and applied static loads from 50 to 400 kPa. In the development of the prediction equations, a parametric study was first conducted using a validated finite difference numerical model. The results of the parametric study were then used to conduct a regression analysis to develop the equations for estimating the maximum lateral displacement and settlement of GRS abutments under service loads. The equations were validated using three case studies. The developed prediction equations can contribute to a better understanding and enable simple calculations in designing these structures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Computer Science Applications