Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements

Woo Seok Kim, Jeffrey A. Laman, Daniel G. Linzell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have performed successfully for decades and have demonstrated advantages over traditional, jointed bridges with respect to first cost, maintenance costs and service life. However, accurate prediction of IAB response to loading is complex and challenging; behavior is typically nonlinear due to the combined influence of thermal and long-term, time-dependent effects. Summarized herein are measured and computational results from examination of four interstate highway IABs located in central Pennsylvania. The collected data indicates that current AASHTO prediction methods are very conservative with respect to displacements. New computational models are used to perform a parametric study that considers the effects of seasonal thermal loading, thermal gradient, time-dependent material effects, abutment-backfill interaction and pile-soil interaction on deformations that occur over a 75-year bridge life. The measured and parametric study results provide a basis to establish an approximate method for predicting (1) maximum abutment displacement, (2) maximum bridge bending moments and (3) maximum pile moments over the bridge life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAndy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention
Pages155-174
Number of pages20
Edition284 SP
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventAndy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice at the ACI Fall 2011 Convention - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: Oct 16 2011Oct 20 2011

Publication series

NameAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Number284 SP
ISSN (Print)0193-2527

Other

OtherAndy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice at the ACI Fall 2011 Convention
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period10/16/1110/20/11

Fingerprint

Abutments (bridge)
Concretes
Piles
Highway systems
Bending moments
Service life
Thermal gradients
Costs
Soils
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kim, W. S., Laman, J. A., & Linzell, D. G. (2011). Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements. In Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention (284 SP ed., pp. 155-174). (American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication; No. 284 SP).
Kim, Woo Seok ; Laman, Jeffrey A. ; Linzell, Daniel G. / Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements. Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention. 284 SP. ed. 2011. pp. 155-174 (American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication; 284 SP).
@inproceedings{b50daa88e3774e83bf83c4358f0d6088,
title = "Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements",
abstract = "Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have performed successfully for decades and have demonstrated advantages over traditional, jointed bridges with respect to first cost, maintenance costs and service life. However, accurate prediction of IAB response to loading is complex and challenging; behavior is typically nonlinear due to the combined influence of thermal and long-term, time-dependent effects. Summarized herein are measured and computational results from examination of four interstate highway IABs located in central Pennsylvania. The collected data indicates that current AASHTO prediction methods are very conservative with respect to displacements. New computational models are used to perform a parametric study that considers the effects of seasonal thermal loading, thermal gradient, time-dependent material effects, abutment-backfill interaction and pile-soil interaction on deformations that occur over a 75-year bridge life. The measured and parametric study results provide a basis to establish an approximate method for predicting (1) maximum abutment displacement, (2) maximum bridge bending moments and (3) maximum pile moments over the bridge life.",
author = "Kim, {Woo Seok} and Laman, {Jeffrey A.} and Linzell, {Daniel G.}",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781618398017",
series = "American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication",
number = "284 SP",
pages = "155--174",
booktitle = "Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures",
edition = "284 SP",

}

Kim, WS, Laman, JA & Linzell, DG 2011, Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements. in Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention. 284 SP edn, American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication, no. 284 SP, pp. 155-174, Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice at the ACI Fall 2011 Convention, Cincinnati, OH, United States, 10/16/11.

Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements. / Kim, Woo Seok; Laman, Jeffrey A.; Linzell, Daniel G.

Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention. 284 SP. ed. 2011. p. 155-174 (American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication; No. 284 SP).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements

AU - Kim, Woo Seok

AU - Laman, Jeffrey A.

AU - Linzell, Daniel G.

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have performed successfully for decades and have demonstrated advantages over traditional, jointed bridges with respect to first cost, maintenance costs and service life. However, accurate prediction of IAB response to loading is complex and challenging; behavior is typically nonlinear due to the combined influence of thermal and long-term, time-dependent effects. Summarized herein are measured and computational results from examination of four interstate highway IABs located in central Pennsylvania. The collected data indicates that current AASHTO prediction methods are very conservative with respect to displacements. New computational models are used to perform a parametric study that considers the effects of seasonal thermal loading, thermal gradient, time-dependent material effects, abutment-backfill interaction and pile-soil interaction on deformations that occur over a 75-year bridge life. The measured and parametric study results provide a basis to establish an approximate method for predicting (1) maximum abutment displacement, (2) maximum bridge bending moments and (3) maximum pile moments over the bridge life.

AB - Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have performed successfully for decades and have demonstrated advantages over traditional, jointed bridges with respect to first cost, maintenance costs and service life. However, accurate prediction of IAB response to loading is complex and challenging; behavior is typically nonlinear due to the combined influence of thermal and long-term, time-dependent effects. Summarized herein are measured and computational results from examination of four interstate highway IABs located in central Pennsylvania. The collected data indicates that current AASHTO prediction methods are very conservative with respect to displacements. New computational models are used to perform a parametric study that considers the effects of seasonal thermal loading, thermal gradient, time-dependent material effects, abutment-backfill interaction and pile-soil interaction on deformations that occur over a 75-year bridge life. The measured and parametric study results provide a basis to establish an approximate method for predicting (1) maximum abutment displacement, (2) maximum bridge bending moments and (3) maximum pile moments over the bridge life.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861739521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84861739521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84861739521

SN - 9781618398017

T3 - American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication

SP - 155

EP - 174

BT - Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures

ER -

Kim WS, Laman JA, Linzell DG. Prediction of concrete integral abutment bridge unrecoverable displacements. In Andy Scanlon Symposium on Serviceability and Safety of Concrete Structures: From Research to Practice 2011 - At the ACI Fall 2011 Convention. 284 SP ed. 2011. p. 155-174. (American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication; 284 SP).