Predictive model for site specific simulation of ground motions based on earthquake scenarios

Christos Vlachos, Konstantinos G. Papakonstantinou, George Deodatis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A predictive stochastic model is developed based on regression relations that inputs a given earthquake scenario description and outputs seismic ground acceleration time histories at a site of interest. A bimodal parametric non-stationary Kanai-Tajimi (K-T) ground motion model lies at the core of the proposed predictive model. The functional forms that describe the temporal evolution of the K-T model parameters can effectively represent strong non-stationarities of the ground motion. Fully non-stationary ground motion time histories can be generated through the powerful Spectral Representation Method. A Californian subset of the available NGA-West2 database is used to develop and calibrate the predictive model. Samples of the model parameters are obtained by fitting the K-T model to the database records, and the resulting marginal distributions of the model parameters are efficiently described by standard probability models. The samples are translated to the standard normal space and linear random-effect regression models are established relating the transformed normal parameters to the commonly used earthquake scenario defining predictors: moment magnitude Mw, closest-to-site distance Rrup, and average shear-wave velocity VS30 at a site of interest. The random-effect terms in the developed regression models can effectively model the correlation among ground motions of the same earthquake event, in parallel to taking into account the location-dependent effects of each site. For validation purposes, simulated acceleration time histories based on the proposed predictive model are compared with recorded ground motions. In addition, the median and median plus/minus one standard deviation elastic response spectra of synthetic ground motions, pertaining to a variety of different earthquake scenarios, are compared to the associated response spectra computed by the NGA-West2 ground motion prediction equations and found to be in excellent agreement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-218
Number of pages24
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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